Latin dictionary

Main entry



abbas abbatis : father / abbot.
abbatia : abbey, monastery.
abduco : to lead, or take away / detach, withdraw.
abeo : to go away, retire / depart from life, die.
abeo : to digress / change / vanish, disappear.
abscido : to cut off, to separate, take away.
absconditus : hidden, concealed.
absens, absentis : (adj.) absent, missing, away, gone.
absorbeo : to swallow, gulp down, carry away, engross.
absque : (+ abl.) without.
abstergo : to wipe off, clean away.
absum : to be absent, be away, be missing.
abundans : abundant, overflowing, abounding in.
abundantia : abundance, bounty, plenty
abutor : to make full use of, to abuse.
abutor : to use abusive language / use a word incorrectly.
ac : (atque) : and
accedo : to approach, come near / (things) to be added.
accendo : to kindle, illuminate, inflame.
acceptus : welcome, pleasant, agreeable.
accipio : to consider oneself indebted, receive, learn, take.
accommodo : to adjust, adapt, accommodate oneself.
accusator : accusor, plaintiff.
accuso : to accuse, blame, find fault with.
acer : sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce.
acerbitas : harshness, bitterness.
acerbus : bitter, gloomy, dark.
acervus : a heap, mass.
acidus : sharp, sour.
acies : keenness, edge, sharpness, battle-line, battlefield.
acquiro : to acquire, gain, get, obtain.
acsi : as if, (Herimann p. 283, 293).
adamo : to fall in love with, find pleasure in.
adaugeo : to make greater, add, increase.
addo : to give, bring, place, / inspire, cause, / add, join.
adduco : to lead, induce, persuade.
ademptio: a taking away.
adeo : to such a point, such an extent, so far, so long.
adeo : to approach, visit, come to, undertake.
adeptio : attainment, obtaining.
adepto : to obtain, get, acquire.
adfectus affectus : (fr. adficio) : influenced, worked upon.
adfero affero : to cause, bring about, contribute.
adfero affero : to bring news, report / apply, bring to bear.
adficio : to affect, afflict, weaken, sap, exhaust, drain.
adflicto affligo : to injure, weaken, discourage, damage, break.
adhaero : to hang to, stick to, adhere.
adhuc : till then, till now, still, even now, besides, also, yet.
adicio : to direct, address, apply / to throw to.
adimpleo : to fulfill, perform.
adinventitias : (?) Herimann, cap 2.
adipiscor : to come up to, overtake, obtain.
adiuvo : to help, aid, assist.
administratio : giving of help, administration, government.
admiratio : wonder, astonishment, surprise, admiration.
admiror : to wonder at, admire, marvel at.
admitto : to admit, receive.
admoneo : admonish, advise.
admonitio : warning, reminder (insult - Herimann, p. 282).
admoveo : to move to, bring up, apply.
adnuo : to nod assent.
adopto : to wish for oneself, adopt, select, pick out.
adsidue assidue : continuously, without remission.
adstringo : (persons) bind, oblige, (+ refl.) commit oneself to
adstringo : to tight, compress, compact /
adstringo : to draw together, tighten, bind.
adsuesco assuesco : to grow accustomed to, used to, make familiar.
adsum : to assist, be present, be near, be in attendance,
adsumo (assumo) : to take to oneself, claim, appropriate, call.
adulatio : fawning, flattery, sycophancy, buttering up.
adulescens : young man, youth, lad.
adulescentia : youth
adultus : (adj.) grown up, mature, adult, of age.
aduro (adustum) : to set fire to, burn, singe, kindle, light.
advenio : to come, arrive, reach.
adversus : (prep. + acc.) toward, against, facing
adversus : (adj.) facing, opposite, opposing.
adverto : to turn towards, direct one's attention to, attract.
advoco : to summon, call / call in an advisor.
aedificium edificium : building, structure.
aeger eger : sick, ill.
aegre egre : (adv.) hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, laboriously.
aegresco egresco : to fall ill, become troubled, grow worse.
aegresco : to become ill, grow worse, be ill.
aegretudo egretudo : sickness, mental illness.
aegrotatio egrotatio : sickness, illness.
aegrus : ill, diseased, unwell.
aeneus eneus : made of copper or bronze, brazen.
aequitas equitas : justice, fairness, equity.
aequus, equus : level, even, calm, equal, favorable, just.
aer, aeris : air, atmosphere, ether, weather.
aestas estas : summer.
aestivus estivus : pertaining to summer.
aestus estus : heat, tide.
aetas : an age, stage, period of life, time, era.
aeternus eternus : eternal, everlasting, without end.
Affligeniensis, Haffligeniensis : Afflighem.
ager (agri) : farm, field, acre.
aggero : to make a mound, heap up, increase.
aggredior : to go to, approach, address, attack.
agnitio : recognition, knowledge.
agnosco : to know again, recognize, report, understand, admit.
agnosco : acknowledge.
agnosco : to recognize, understand, perceive.
ago (egi actum ) : to spend time, live / manage, drive, lead.
ait : he says.
aiunt: they say.
Aldenard : Audenarde.
alienus : somebody else's, foreign, alien, strange, different.
alii ... alii : some ... others.
alioqui : (adv.) otherwise.
alioquin : (adv.) otherwise, in some respects / in general.
aliqua : some.
aliquando : at any time, sometimes, occasionally, at last.
aliquanta : (adj.) moderate, or some size.
aliquanto : somewhat, considerably.
aliquantum : (noun) a good deal.
aliquantus : (adj.) of some size, moderate.
aliqui : some.
aliquid : someone, somebody, something.
aliquis : someone, anyone, anything, (adv.) in any respect.
aliquo : (adv.) in some direction.
aliquot : some, several.
aliquotiens : some times.
alius alia aliud : other, another, someone else, something else.
allatus (=adfero) : having been brought.
alo (alui altum) : nourish, cherish, support, sustain, maintain, keep.
Alos : alquod: some.
alter : (adv.) otherwise.
alter altera alterum : the second, the other one.
alter ... alter : the one ... the other.
altus : high, deep.
alveus : hollow, basket, bed (of a river).
amaritudo : bitterness.
Ambianis : Amiens.
ambitus : border, edge, extent / going around, circuit.
ambulo : to walk.
amicitia : friendship
amiculum : cloak, cape.
amicus : friend, comrade.
amissio / amissus : loss.
amita : father's sister, paternal aunt.
amitto : to dismiss, send away, lose, let slip away.
amitto : to send away, let go, let slip, lose.
amo : to love, like, be fond of, cherish.
amor : love, affection, infatuation, passion.
amoveo : to move away, remove, take out, shift.
amplexus : an embracing, surrounding, loving embrace, [euphemism] amplio : to enlarge, increase, improve.
amplitudo : size, breadth, dignity, grandeur, greatness.
amplus : large, spacious, ample / great important, honorable.
an : (adv.) or "Are you going OR are you staying?"
ancilla : maidservant, also used by nuns to describe themselves.
Andegavense : Anjou.
angelus : angel.
angulus : corner, niche.
angustus : narrow, limited, strait, tight, constricted.
animadverto : to turn the mind to, take notice of, see, perceive.
animi : at heart.
animus : courage, vivacity, bravery, will, spirit, soul.
animus : character, intellect, memory, consciousness, often mind.
annus : year.
anser : goose.
ante : (prep. + acc.) before / in front of / (adv.) before, previously.
antea : (adv.) before, previously, formerly.
antepono : (+ dat.) put before, prefer, favor, promote.
antiquus : ancient, old, hoary,
aperio : to uncover, lay bare, reveal, make clear.
aperte : openly, frankly.
apostolus : (legal) notice sent to a higher tribunal / ecc. Apostle.
apparatus : equipment, gear, machinery / splendor, magnificence.
appareo : to become visible, appear, manifest
appello : to call, name, summon.
appono : to appoint a person, to add something.
appono : to place near, put to, serve, put on the table.
appositus : placed near, approaching, appropriate, appositively.
approbo : to approve.
appropinquo : (+ dat.) to near, drawn near, come close, approach.
apto : to fit, adapt, adjust, make ready, or fit.
aptus : fitted, connected, fastened / prepared, fitted out.
aptus : suitable, appropriate, fitting.
apud : (prep. + acc.) among, in the presence of, at, at the house of.
aqua : water.
ara : altar
aranea : spider's web.
arbitro arbitror : to witness, bear witness / judge, arbitrate.
arbor : tree.
arbustum : a vineyard planted with trees.
arbustus : planted with trees.
arca archa : chest, box, money box, coffin, cell.
arceo : to shut up, enclose.
arcesso, accerso : to bring, fetch, summon, call for.
arcus : bow (BOW and arrows), arch, bend, arc.
argentum : silver, money.
argumentum : proof, evidence.
arguo : to show, make clear, attempt to show.
arma : arms, weapons.
armarium : cupboard, chest, safe (for food, clothing, money).
armo : to provide arms, arm, equip, fit out.
aro : to plow.
ars, artis : skill method, technique, conduct, character.
articulus : (of time) a moment, crisis.
artificiose : skillfully.
artificiosus : skillful, accomplished, skillfuly made.
arto : to press together, reduce, abridged.
arx , arcis : citadel, stronghold, fortress, keep, donjon.
ascisco : to receive, admit / adopt / take up, approve.
ascit :
asper : rough, harsh, severe.
asperitas : roughness, severity / harshness, fierceness.
aspicio : to look at, behold, gaze at, see.
asporto : to carry off, take away.
assentator : flatterer, sycophant, yes-man.
astrum : star, constellation.
Asvesniis : of Avesnes.
at : (conj.) but. (more emphatic and emotional than sed).
atavus : great-great-great grandfather, ancestor.
ater atra atrum : dark.
atqui : (conj.) and yet, still.
Atrebatum : Arras.
atrocitas : hashness, cruelty, frightfulness, barbarity, horror.
atrox : terrible, cruel, horror.
attero : destroy, waste, weaken, impair.
attero : to weaken, ruin, rub against, rub away, erode.
attollo : to raise, lift up, elevate / excite, exalt.
attonbitus : frantic, inspired, thunder-struck, stunned.
auctor : author, originator.
auctoritas : authority
auctus : growth, enlargement, increase.
audacia : boldness, dash, daring, audacity.
audacter, audaciter : boldly, proudly, fearlessly.
audax : bold
audentia : boldness, courage.
audeo : (part. ausus ) : to dare.
audio : to hear, hearken, listen to.
auditor : hearer, listener.
aufero : to carry away, remove / steal, carry off, make away with.
aureus : golden.
auris : ear.
Aurissiodorenses : Auxerre, dept. Yonne, between Paris and Dijon.
aurum : gold.
aut ... aut : either ... or.
autem : moreover, however, but, also.
autus : increase, enlargement, growth.
Auxatia : Alsace.
auxilium : aid, help, assistance, support.
avaritia : avarice, greed.
avarus : greedy, avaricious.
aveho : to carry away, remove (avexi avectum )
averto : to turn away, avert, avoid. turn back.
Avesniis : Avesnes.
avoco : to call away, divert.


baiulus : porter, pall-bearer, carrier of a burden.
balbus : stammering, stuttering, fumbling.
barba : beard, whiskers.
bardus : stupid, slow, dull.
basium : kiss.
beatus : blessed, fortunate, sometimes "saint".
bellicus : martial, military, war-like.
bellum : war.
bellus : beautiful, pretty, charming, handsome.
bene : melior : optime : well, better, best
beneficium : benefit, favor, service, privilege, right.
benevolentia : benevolence, kindness, good will.
benigne : kindly, generously.
Berlinmonte : Berlaimont, near Le Quesnoy.
bestia : animal, beast.
bibo : to drink, quaff.
bis : twice.
blandior : to flatter, caress, (+ dat.) coax.
blanditia : blandishments, attractions, allurement, charm.
Blesense : Blois.
Boloniense : Bouillon.
bonus melior optimus : good, better, best.
bos (bovis ) : cow, ox, bull.
Brabatensium : Brabant.
Brachants : Brabant.
brevis : short, small, brief.
brevitas : shortness, brevity.
breviter : briefly.
Brocherota : Broqueroi.


cado : to fall, drop, plummet, topple.
caecus : blind, sightless.
caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.
caelum : sky, heaven.
calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster.
calamus : anything made or reed -- pen, arrow, pipe, etc.
calcar, -is : spur.
calco : to tread, trample upon.
calculus : pebble, stone.
callide : skillfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.
callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.
Cameracum : Cambrai.
campana : bell.
candidus : bright, shining, white.
canis : dog.
canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.
canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.
canto : to sing.
capillus : hair.
capio : to seize, take, choose / attack, injure / comprehend.
capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.
capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.
caput capitis : head / top, summit / chief
carbo carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal.
carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.
careo : (+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.
caries : rottenness, corruption, decay.
cariosus : rotten, decayed.
caritas : dearness, affection / charity.
carmen : song, poem.
Carnotense : Chartres.
Carnutum Carnotum : Chartres.
carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.
carus : dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.
casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.
caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.
Castellandum : Chateaudun.
casus : accident, chance, fortune.
catena : chain, fetters.
caterva : crowd, troop, flock.
catervatim : in troops, in masses.
Cathalaunenses : Chalons.
cattus : cat.
cauda : the tail of an animal.
causa : (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.
causa : cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest.
causa : case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.
caute cautim : cautiously, with security.
cautela : caution, precaution, security.
caveo cavi cautum : beware, avoid, look out for.
cavus : hole, pit.
cedo : to go, proceed / turn out, happen / go away, withdraw.
cedo cessi cessum : to grant, yield.
cedo : (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.
celebrer : famous, renowned.
celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.
celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.
celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.
celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.
celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.
cena : dinner, meal.
cenaculum : garret, attic.
ceno : to dine.
censura : judgement.
centum : (indecl.) one hundred, 100.
cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.
cernuus : falling headlong.
certe certo : (adv) certainly, assuredly.
certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.
certus : undoubted, certain, sure.
certus : settled, resolved, decided / definite, certain, sure.
cervus : stag, deer
cetera : for the rest, otherwise
ceteri : the remaining, the rest, the others
ceterum : (adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.
ceterus : the other, the rest.
charisma carisma : gift, present.
chirographum : autograph, person's own handwriting / written charter.
cibo : food for animals
cibus : food for men and animals.
cicuta : hemlock.
cilicium : (? Herimann, p. 311)
cimentarius : mason?
ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.
ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.
cinis cineris : ashes, embers.
circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.
circumvenio : to beset, assail.
cito: quickly, rapidly, speedily.
civilis : civil, civic.
civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.
civitas : state, citizenship, city-state.
clam : secretly, in secret.
clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.
clamor : loud shouting, cry.
claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.
clarus : clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustrious
claudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.
claudo (clausus) : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.
claudus : lame.
claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure / cloister.
clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.
clibanus : oven, furnace / tray for bread making.
coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.
coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.
coepi : (pres. incipio ) : began, started, undertook, initiated.
coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine.
cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.
cognatus : (adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.
cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.
cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.
cogo, coegi, coactum : to compel, restrict, confine.
cogo, coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.
cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum : to adhere, stick together
cohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.
cohors : a yard, enclosure / troop, 1 / 10 of a legion.
cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.
colligo : to gather together, collect, assemble.
colloco : to place, put, arrange.
collum : neck.
colo colui cultum : cultivate, cherish
color : color.
coloratus : colored / dark-complexioned.
coloro : to color.
coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.
combibo : to drink up, suck in.
comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.
comedo comedi comesum : to eat up, consume / waste, squander.
comes comitis : companion, friend, comrade / count.
cometes : comet
cometissa comitissa : countess.
comis : courteous, kind, friendly.
comitatus : train, retinue, following / war band.
comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.
comitto : to entrust, commit.
commemoro : to remind, relate, mention.
commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.
commessatio, onis : eating together.
comminor : to threaten.
comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.
comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.
commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.
commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.
commodo : (+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give.
commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.
commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.
commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.
commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of something.
commoneo : to remember, recollect.
commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.
commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.
communis : common, general, run of the mill.
comparo : to compare.
compater : the godfather of a man's child.
compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.
compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.
comperio : to disclose wholly, lay open / learn, find out.
comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty.
comperte : on good authority.
compes, compedis : fetters, shackles, chained.
compes : fetters, shackles, chains.
competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.
complectus : embrace, grasp.
compleo : to finish.
compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfill.
compono : to put together, compose.
compositio : composition, agreement, pact / arrangement.
compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.
comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.
comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend.
comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.
comprobo : to approve fully / to confirm, prove, establish.
comprovincialis : born in the same province.
comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.
conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.
concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.
concepta : measures, capacity.
concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.
concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.
concido : to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.
concilium : council
concipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.
concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.
concito : to move violently, stir up, excite.
conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.
concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.
concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.
concutio : to shake, disturb, agitate.
concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.
Condato : Cond.
condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.
conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.
confero : to bring together, put together, collect /
confero : discuss, debate, confer / betake oneself, devote.
confestim : immediately, without delay.
confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.
confiteor confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.
conforto : to strengthen much.
confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.
congregatio : assembly, society, union.
congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.
congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.
conicio : to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.
coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.
conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reach
coniuratio : conspiracy, plot.
coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.
coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.
conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt.
conqueror : to complain loudly.
conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.
conscientia : conscience, consciousness, knowledge
conscindo : to tear in pieces.
conscius : conscious of, aware of.
conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.
considero : to look at, regard carefully,
consido : to set down, settle.
consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.
consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.
consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.
consisto : (+ in) to depend on, rely on.
consisto : to take one's stand, stand still, stop, be posted.
consisto : (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist / stop, stay.
consitor : sower, planter.
conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.
conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.
constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.
constanter : steadily, firmly.
constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.
constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.
consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.
constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.
construo construxi constructum : to construct, build, arrange.
constupator : ravisher, debaucher.
constupro : to ravish, corrupt.
consuasor : advisor, counselor.
consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.
consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituate
consueta : customary, usual.
consuetudo : custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.
consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.
consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.
consulo : (+ dat.) look to the interests of / consult, ask advice.
consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.
consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.
consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.
consultum : decree.
consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.
consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.
consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.
consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.
consurgo : to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.
contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.
contactus : touching, contact / contagion.
contages : a touch, contact.
contagio contagium : contagion, infection / touching, contact.
contamino : to pollute, infect.
contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.
contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.
contemplatio : survey, contemplation.
contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.
contemptim : contemptuously.
contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.
contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.
contendo : to compare, contrast / compete.
contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.
contendo : to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.
contente : eagerly, earnestly.
contentus : contented, satisfied
contentus : strained, stretched / eager, zealous.
contigo : (with dat.), to happen, befall.
contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.
contineo contigi, contectum : border on / befall (good luck).
contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.
contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.
contineo: to hold back, restrain.
contingo : (contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.
continuo : (adv.) immediately, at once.
continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.
contra : (+ acc.) against.
contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.
contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.
contraho : to draw together, collect, assemble, carry out.
contristo : to make sad or gloomy
contristo : to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).
conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.
conventus : coming together, assembly, union, congress.
conversatio : way, manner of life / monastic life.
converto : to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.
convoco : to call together, convene.
copia : abundance, supply.
copiae copie : supplies, troops, forces.
copiose : fully, at length, copiously.
Corbeiam : Corbie.
cornu : horn.
corona : crown, diadem.
corpus corporis : body, corpse.
correptius : more shortly.
corrigo : (correctum) : to make correct, make right.
corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack
corroboro : to strengthen.
corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken.
corrumpo : (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.
corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.
Corturiacum : Courtrai.
coruscus : (a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.
cotidie : daily, every day.
Courtacum : Courtrai.
crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.
cras : (adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.
crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.
creator : creator, founder.
creatura : creature, servant.
creber : thick, frequent, numerous.
crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.
credo : to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on / think.
creo : to create, make.
creptio : taking by force, seizure.
crepusculum : dusk, twilight.
cresco : (cretum) : to grow, increase, expand.
creta : chalk, fuller's earth.
cribro : to sift.
cribrum : sieve.
crinis : hair.
crinitus : long haired.
cruciamentum : torture, torment.
crucio : to torture, torment.
crudelis : cruel.
cruentus : to make bloody, stain with blood.
cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.
crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot.
crustulum : pastry, cookie.
crux crucis : cross.
cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroom
cubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.
cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.
cubitum ire : to go to bed, retire
cubitum : the elbow / a cubit.
cubo : to lie down, recline.
cui : (masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it?
cui : (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live?
cui : (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.
cuius : (neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.
cuius : (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many.
cuius : (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.
cuiusmodi : of what kind.
culpa : fault, blame, (esp. against chastity).
culpo : to blame, censure, accuse.
cultellus : a little knife.
cultura : cultivation
cum : (prep + abl.) with.
cum : (with indicative) when.
cum : (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.
cunabula : cradle.
cunae : nest for young birds.
cunctatio : delay.
cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,
cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.
cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.
cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.
cupido : passion, desire, wanting, yearning, longing.
cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.
cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.
cupressus : cypress, cypress wood, a cypress-wood casket.
cur : why, wherefore.
cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.
curatio : attention / medical attention, healing, curing.
curator : guardian, overseer
curia : court
curiositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.
curiosus : careful, attentive / curious, inquisitive / worn out by cares.
curis quris : a spear.
curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.
curo : manage, administer / provide money.
curo : (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.
curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.
currus : cart / a plow with wheels.
cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.
cursito : to run up and down.
curso : to run back and forth.
cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.
cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.
curto : to shorten, abbreviate.
Curtracus : Courtrai.
curtus : shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.
curvo : to bend, arch, curve / influence.
curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).
custodia : protection, custody.
custodiae custodie : guards, wardens.
custos : (custodis) : guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant, guard / spy.


damnatio : condemnation.
damno : to condemn, damn.
dapifer : seneschal.
de : (prep. + abl.) down from, from, concerning, about.
debeo : to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by.
debilito : to weaken, enervate, sap, exhaust.
decens, decenter : properly, fittingly, suitably.
decerno : to decide, determine, settle.
decerto : to contend, fight to the finish.
decet : it is seemly, comely, suitable, proper.
decimus : tenth.
decipio : (deceptus) ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat.
decor : beauty, grace.
decoro : beautify, embellish, adorn.
decorus : beautiful, graceful, charming, proper, fit, becoming.
decretum : decree, judgment, edict, order.
decumbo : to fall, fall into, lie down.
dedecor : unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable.
dedecus : shame, dishonor, disgrace, crime, dishonorable act.
dedico : to dedicate.
deduco : to lad out colonists, found a colony.
defaeco : to cleanse, purify, purge.
defendo : to defend, ward off, protect, shelter.
defero : to hand over, carry down, communicate, offer, refer.
defessus : weary, tired.
defetiscor (defessus) : to grow tired, weary.,
deficio : (defectum) : to fail, to weaken, to be in want.
defigo : fasten down, secure, fix firmly / concentrate, fix upon.
defleo : to weep for, bewail.
defleo : to bewail, weep for.
defluo : to flow down, waste, disappear.
defluo : to flow away, disappear, be lost.
defungo : to discharge one's duties, quit, retire, die, finish
degenero : to cause to degenerate, disgrace by degeneracy.
degenero : to be unlike one's kind, fall off, degenerate.
degero : to pass time, live.
degusto : to taste.
deinde : next, then, thereafter, from that place.
delectatio : delight, pleasure, enjoyment.
delecto : to attract, delight / (pass + abl) take delight in.
delego : to transfer, commit, assign, impute, attribute, ascribe.
deleo : (deletum ) to destroy, wipe out, erase.
delibero : to consider, deliberate.
delicate : luxuriously, delicately, slowly.
delicate : (adv.) luxuriously.
deliciae : allurements, charms, delights, fancies / sweetheart
delinquo : to fail, be wanting / fail in duty, commit a crime.
deludo : to mock, cheat.
demens : (dementis ) : insane, mad, out of one's mind, foolish.
demergo : to sink, plunge into, dip under, go into debt.
demitto : set down, let fall (to offer payment to the church), lower.
demo : to take away, subtract.
demonstro : to indicate, show, describe, explain.
demoror : to loiter, linger, tarry, belay.
demulceo : to stroke down, caress by stroking.
demum : at length at last, finally.
denego : to refuse, deny, reject.
denique : at last, finally, again, in short.
dens : (dentis ) : tooth.
denuncio : declare, give notice, announce.
denuntio : to announce officially, pronounce, declare.
denuo : anew, again, a second time, afresh.
deorsum : downwards.
depereo : to perish, be utterly ruined.
depono : to put down, lay aside.
depopulo depopulor : to lay waste, ravage, devastate.
deporto : to carry off, to take away.
depraedor depredor : to plunder, lay waste, pillage, ravage.
deprecator : intercessor, one who pleads on behalf.
deprecor : to entreat for, beg for / intercede / curse.
deprecor : to beg by entreaty, to excuse oneself / curse.
deprehensio : detection.
deprimo (depressus) : to press down, depress, low-lying.
depromo : to take down, produce, fetch out.
depulso : push aside, thrust away.
deputo : to count, estimate / prune, cut off.
derelinquo : to forsake, desert, abandon.
derideo : to laugh at, mock, deride.
deripio : to tear down, snatch away.
desidero : to long for, wish for greatly, to miss.
desidiosus : lazy, unmotivated.
desino (desiit) : to leave off, give over, cease, stop, desist.
desino : cease, stop, end, desist.
desipio : to act foolishly, play the fool, make an ass of one's self.
desolo : to leave desolate, abandoned, to forsake.
desparatus : given up on / desperate
despecto : overlook, despise, look down upon.
despero : to have no hope, despair, give up.
despero : to be without hope, despair / despair of, give up.
despiciens : contemptuous.
despicio : to look down, regard from above, despise.
desposco : to demand.
destinatus : resolute, firm, determined, with one's mind made up.
destituo : to set down, place / abandon, leave in the lurch.
detego detectum : to uncover, lay bare, disclose.
determino : to fix the limits of, set boundaries to, delimit.
detineo : hold off, hold back, detain.
detrimentum : damage, loss, detriment.
deus : god.
devenio : to come to, arrive at, reach.
devito : to avoid.
devoco : to call away, call down, call aside.
devotio : (Christian) piety, devotion, zeal.
devoveo : to consecrate, sacrifice, devote / curse, execrate.
dexter : right, on the right.
dextera : the right hand.
diabolus : devil, Satan.
dico : (dictum ) to say, tell, speak, name, call, pronounce.
dictata : things dictated, lessons, presents.
dictator : dictator.
dictito : to say often, reiterate.
dicto : to say often, dictate, get written down.
didicerat : (?) Herimann, p. 281.
didico : to be told (Herimann cap. 39, 44).
dido dididi didtum : to separate, divide, distribute.
dies diei : day
diffama -tus : spread around, made known.
differo : to spread news / delay, defer, postpone.
differo : to spread about, spread news / harrass, disturb.
differo : to delay, postpone / to differ, be different.
differtus : stuffed full, crammed, jammed.
difficilis : difficult, hard, troublesome.
difficultas : difficulty, need, trouble, distress.
digestor : arranger, composer, one who makes a pattern.
dignitas : merit, worth, prestige, dignity.
dignosco dignosco : to distinguish, recognize as different.
dignus : (+ abl.) worthy, worthy of, meritorious.
digredior digredi digressus : to depart, deviate, digress.
digressio : separation, departure, digression.
digressus : separation, departure, digression.
dilabor : to break up, scatter, dissolve, slip away, fall apart.
dilato : to spread out, extend, expand, increase.
dilgenter : attentively, earnestly, carefully, diligently.
diligens : diligent, careful.
diligentia : diligence, industry, perseverance, persistence.
diligo : to choose out, esteem highly, prize, love.
diluculo : dawn, daybreak.
diluo : (of troubles) to remove, resolve.
dimidium : half.
dimitto : to break up, dismiss, leave, abandon.
directus : plain, simple, direct, open, straightforward.
diripio : to tear in pieces, lay waste, devastate, plunder.
diripio : to separate, tear apart / pillage, devastate, lay waste.
dirunitas : long duration.
diruo : to demolish, destroy, ruin.
discedo : (discessum ) : to break up, depart, go away, pass away.
discidium : separation, division, disagreement, tearing apart.
discipulus : disciple, student, learner, pupil.
disco : to learn, become acquainted with.
discrepo : to differ, to be different, vary, disagree.
dispono : to arrange, put in order, draw up (troops).
disputatio : debate, dispute, discussion.
disputo : discuss.
dissero : to examine, treat of, discuss.
dissimilis : unlike, different, disparate, dissimilar, distinct.
dissimulo : to ignore, leave unnoticed.
dissimulo : to conceal, disguise, keep secret.
dissolutus : lax, weak, wanting in energy, dissolute, profligate.
distinguo : to mark off, distinguish, divide / separate.
distribuo : to distribute, divide.
districtus (fr. distringo) : strict, severe / hesitating / busy.
distulo :(past) to delay [MGHss 25 : 268].
dito : to enrich, make wealthy.
diu : by day, for a long time, a long time ago.
diu : adv. a long while, long time, for a long time.
diutinus : lasting a long time, enduring, long-lived.
diutius : longer, too long (a period of time).
diuturnus : lasting a long time, of long duration.
diversus : different, unlike, opposed, hostile.
dives : rich, opulent, wealthy.
divinitus : divine influence, admirably, nobly, by inspiration.
divinus : divine, sacred.
divitiae divitie : riches, wealth.
do dare dedi datum : to give, offer, convey, offer, donate, furnish.
doceo docui doctum : to instruct, teach, tutor.
doctor : teacher.
doctrina : doctrine, teaching, instruction, learning.
doctus : taught, instructed, learned, tutored.
dolens : painfully.
doleo : to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve.
dolor : pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.
dolose : slyly, deceitfully.
dolosus : crafty, cunning, sly, deceitful.
dolus : fraud, deceit, guile, treachery, a trap.
domesticus : domestic, civil.
domina domina : lady, mistress.
dominatus : rule, mastery, tyranny, domination.
dominus domino : master, lord.
domito : to tame, subdue, break in.
domus : house, home, residence.
donec : up to the time when, until, as long as, while.
donum : gift, present, donation.
dormio : to sleep, slumber, siesta, nap.
dubito : to doubt, hesitate.
dubium : doubt, hesitation, reservation.
duco : to lead on the march, marry a wife, command.
duco : to lead, draw, esteem, consider.
duco : to draw, shape, construct / (time) spend, delay.
duco : to charm, influence, mislead, draw in.
duco : to calculate, count, reckon, esteem, considered.
dudum : for a long while, a long while ago, some time age.
dulcedo : sweetness, pleasantness, charm.
dulcidine : sweetly, pleasantly, charmingly.
dulcis : sweet, pleasant, agreeable.
dulcitudo dulcitudinis : dum : while, as long as, until.
dummodo : (conj. + subj.) provided
dumtaxat : at least, not less than / at most, not more than.
duo : two
duro: to harden, last, endure.
durus : hard, harsh, tough, strong,enduring, / rough, rude, uncouth.
Dusiol petram : Duissenpierre.
dux ducis : leader, guide, commander, general, duke.


eatenus : so far, thus far, up to then.
ebullio : to boil up, bubble up, to appear, produce in abundance.
ecclesia : church.
econtra : the same as contra: against, opposite, etc.
ecquando : at any time? ever?
edico : to announce, declare.
editio : the publishing of a book, an announcement.
edo : put forth, give out.
edo edi essum : to eat, consume, devour, waste.
edoceo : to inform fully, instruct thoroughly.
educo : to draw out, lead out, march out / bring up, rear / sue.
effectus : doing, execution, performance, effect, result.
effero extuli elatum : to carry out, bury, lift up, exalt.
effervo : to boil up.
efficio : to do, produce, effect, make / bring about, cause / prove.
effringo effrego : break, break open.
effugio : (effugi effugiturus ) : flee from, escape, elude, run away.
effundo : to pour out, pour forth, shed, utter.
egenus : in want of, in need of, destitute.
egeo : to need, lack, want, be without.
ego : I ; I can't live without you, baby.
egredior : (egressus ) : to go out, leave, depart, exit.
eicio eiectum : to throw out, eject, drive out.
elatus : puff-up, proud of oneself, arrogant.
electus : chosen, select.
elementum : first principle, element, basic constituent.
elemosina : alms
elemosinarius : almoner, person in charge of providing charity.
eligo : to pick out, select, choose.
eloquens : eloquent, persuasive, fluent.
eloquentia : eloquence, readiness of speech, fluency, persuasiveness.
eluo : to wash out, rinse cleanse / squander, waste.
eluvies : a flowing over, flood, innundation.
eluvio : inundation.
emanio : to flow out, spread / arise, emanate, originate.
emendo : to amend, correct
emercor : to buy up.
emerio : to obtain by service, earn completely, deserve well.
emineo : to stand out, project, be remarkable, conspicuous.
eminor : to threaten, menace.
eminus : at a distance, from a distance.
emiror : to wonder at exceedingly.
emo emi emptum : to buy, purchase.
emoveo : to move away, remove, take away.
emptio : a buying, a purchase.
enim : for, in fact, truly (may often be omitted)
enumero : to count, count up, enumerate.
eo ire itum : to go, advance, proceed, travel, move along, progress.
episcopalis : episcopal
episcopus : bishop
epistula : letter, epistle, missive, message.
epulo : sumptuous food, banquet, feast.
epulor : to feast, feast on.
eques equitis : horseman, cavalry man rider (classical).
equidem : (adv) indeed, truly, for my part.
equitatus : cavalry, horsemen (classical).
equus : horse, steed, mount.
erepo : to creep out, creep over, creep up.
erga : (+ acc.) toward, about.
ergo : (gen. +) on account of, because of.
ergo : (adv.) accordingly, then, therefore.
eripio : (eripui ereptum ) : to snatch away, take away, rescue.
erogo : to pay out.
erogo : to pay out, expend, disburse.
erro : to wander, stray, rove / be mistaken, err, go astray.
error : error, mistake, going astray.
erubesco : to blush, grow red, be ashamed.
erubesco : (+ inf.) to blush to, (+acc.) blush for, respect.
erudio : to instruct, teach, educate.
eruo : to dig up, pull out / raze, demolish.
esurio : to be hungry, to hunger.
et ... et : both ... and.
etenim : for indeed.
etiam : (adv.) even, also.
etsi : (acsi) even if, although.
evenio : to come to pass, happen, befall.
eventus : consequence, issue, result, occurrence, experience.
everto : to turn out, eject, dislodge, overturn / destroy, ruin.
evito : to shun, avoid; also, to kill.
evoco : to draw out, draw on, produce, recall to the colors.
ex : (= e ) : (prep. + abl.) out of, from within, from / on account of.
exaequo exequo : to be like, equal / make level or even, relate.
excedo : (trans.) to exceed, leave, pass beyond.
excellentia : excellence, merit, worth.
excessum : departure, death, digression.
excipio : (excepi exceptum ) : to take out, except / take, capture.
excito : call forth, bring about, wake, raise up.
exclamo : to shout, cry aloud, exclaim, call someone by name.
excludo : to shut out, exclude.
excolo : to honor (a deity), polish, adorn, refine, serve.
excrucio : to torment, torture, cause great pain.
excusatio : excuse.
excuso : to exempt from blame, excuse, make excuses, plead.
exemplar : model, pattern, original, prototype, book to copy.
exemplum : pattern, model, example .
exerceo : to train, cultivate, keep at work, exercise, practice.
exercitus : army.
exertus : tested, tried, approved, experienced.
exesto : extra esto.
exheredo : to disinherit.
exheres : disinherited.
exhibeo exibeo : to produce, show, display, offer, allow, cause.
exhibeo : to show, present, allow, display, present, offer.
exhilaro : to make cheerful.
exhorresco : to be horrified, to shake, shudder / dread, tremble at.
exigo : drive out, force out, exact, demand, sell.
exigo : complete, finish, determine, decide, settle.
exilis : thin, slender, meager.
eximietate : uncommonness, excellence.
eximius : extraordinary, excellent, fine, superb.
eximo : to free, release, take out, remove, waste.
exinde : thence, next / thereupon, after that, then / accordingly.
exitiabilis exitialis exitosus : fatal deadly, destructive, lethal.
exitium : destruction, ruin.
exitus : going out, going forth, exit, end, finish.
exordium : the beginning (especially of a speech).
exorior : to rise, spring up, issue, appear, come forward.
exoro : to prevail upon a person, entreat successfully.
exorsus : begun.
expedio : to release, set free, clear, set straight.
expedio : to free from a snare, disentangle, set free, ready.
expello (expuli expulsum ) : to drive out, expel, force out, banish.
experior (experiri, expertus ) : to try, test, experience, prove.
expers : wanting, destitute of, not sharing in.
expetens : desirous, eager.
expeto : to fall upon.
expeto : to demand, require / desire, strive after, make for.
expilatio : plundering, taking booty.
expiscor : to fish out, find out, discover.
expleo : to make losses good / fulfil, discharge (duties).
expleo explevi expletum : to fill, fill up, complete, finish.
expletio : satisfying.
expletus : (part.) perfect, complete.
explicatus: explanation, exposition.
explico : to unfold, unroll, disentangle / explain, expound.
expono (exposui expositum ) : to set forth, explain, expose.
expositus : open, accessible, exposed.
expostulo : to demand earnestly / to make a claim.
expugno : to capture, overcome, subdue, take by storm, gain.
exquisitus : sought after, exquisite, excellent, fine, delicate.
exsequor exequor : to follow to the grave, follow to the end.
exsequor : to maintain, keep up, carry out, fulfill, accomplish.
exsequor : to execute, avenge, punish / relate, describe, explain.
exsertus exertus : project, thrust forward.
exsilium : exile, banishment.
exspecto : to look for, expect, await, wait for.
exstinguo, exstingui, exstinctum : to extinguish, put out.
exsto : to stand out, be extant, appear, project, show itself.
externus : outer, foreign, outside, external.
extollo : to praise exaggerate / decorate, adorn.
extollo : to lift up, raise up, erect / elevate, exalt.
extorqueo : to twist, wrench, dislocate / extort by force.
extra : (prep. + acc.) beyond, outside.
extremus : outermost, last, extreme.
exturbo : to drive away, thrust out.
exulto : to exult, be joyful.
exuro, exussum : burn down, burn, set on fire.
exustio : burning up, conflagration.


fabula : fable, story, tale, play.
facile : easily.
facilis : easy, agreeable, affable, pleasant.
facillimus : easiest, most agreeable, pleasantest
facina -oris : bad deed, crime, villainy / deed, action.
facio : to sacrifice, suit, help, be of service.
facio : to give permission / to experience, suffer (troubles).
facio : (trans.) to make, do, act, perform, cause, bring about.
factum : deed, accomplishment, work, act, achievement.
facultas : power, means, opportunity, capacity, ability, stock.
facundia : facultas : feasibility, opportunity, resources, abundance.
facunditas : fertility, quickness or readiness of speech.
faenum fenum : hay.
falsus : false, deceptive.
fama : talk, report, rumor, tradition.
familia : family, household.
familiaris : belonging to a household / friendly, intimate.
famulatus : servitude, slavery, service.
famulus : servant.
fas est :: it is right, it is fitting, it is lawful.
fas : divine law or command / fate, destiny / lawful, allowed.
fateor : to confess, admit, allow, reveal, make known.
fatigo : worry, fatigue, vex, harass, tease.
fatum : fate, destiny, doom, lot, weird.
fautor : favorer, promoter, patron, partisan, supporter.
faveo : (+ inf.) To be inclined to do.
faveo : (+ dat.) be favorable to, aid, support, help. fawning like that of a dog, cringing flattery.
feculentia : dregs, lees, impurities, filth.
fefello : to be failed by, disappointed by something. Herimann, p. 278.
feliciter : happily.
felix felicis : lucky, fortunate, happy.
femina : woman
fenestra : window.
fere : almost, nearly, not quite, generally.
feretrum : bier, litter.
feritas : wildness, savageness.
ferme, fere : almost, about.
fero tuli latum : to carry, bring, tell, relate, and much else.
ferrum : iron, sword.
ferus : fierce, wild, savage, untamed.
festinatio : speed, haste.
festino : to hasten, hurry, speed.
festinus : hastening, hasty.
feteo : to have a bad odor, stink.
ficus : fig tree.
fidelis : faithful, loyal, true
fidelitas : fidelity, loyalty, homage.
fidens : confident, without fear, courageous.
fides : trust, confidence, reliance, belief, faith.
fides : promise, assurance, word of honor, engagement.
fiducia : confidence, trust, assurance.
filia : daughter
filius : son
fimus : dung, dirt, filth, manure.
fines finium : boundaries, limits, / territory.
finis : end, limit, boundary, purpose.
finitimus finitumus : neighboring, adjacent, related to, similar.
fio, fieri, factus : be made, be done, become.
firmo : to assert, maintain / strengthen, make firm / encourage.
firmus : firm, strong, reliable, solid.
flamma : flame, fire.
flatus : blowing, blast, breathing, arrogance, haughtiness.
flax, falcis : sickle, bill-hook, pruning hook.
fleo : to weep, cry, shed tears, sob.
fluctus : billow, wave.
flumen : river.
fluo : to flow, pour, stream.
fodio : to prick, sting, jab.
fore, forem : future infinitive of sum.
forensis, e : legal.
forma: form, shape, beauty.
formica : ant.
formo : to shape, form, fashion.
fors fortis : chance, luck, fortune.
forsit forsan forsitan : perhaps, probably.
fortasse : perhaps.
forte : by chance, by luck, accidentally.
fortis : strong, brave.
fortiter : strongly, bravely.
fortitudo : physical strength, courage, moral bravery.
fortuna : fortune, luck, fate, chance.
fortunate : fortunately.
fortunatus : fortunate, lucky, happy.
forum : market place, town square.
foveo fovi fotum : to cherish.
frango (fracta) : to break in pieces, shatter.
frater : brother.
frendo : to gnash one's teeth, bruise, crush, grind.
frendo : gnash the teeth, crush, bruise, grind.
frequentatio : frequency, crowding.
frequentia : a large concourse, population, numerous assembly.
frequento : to crowd, collect in large number, visit.
frigus : cold, coolness, cold of winter / dullness, indolence.
frons : forehead, brow, front.
fructuarius : fruitful, fertile.
fructus fructus : fruit, profit, enjoyment, produce.
frugalitas : frugality, economy, pinching pennies.
frumentum : grain.
fruor : to have the benefit of, to enjoy.
frustra esse : to be deceived, to be mistaken.
frustra : in vain, mistakenly, wantonly, without reason.
frux, frugi : fruits of the earth.
fuga : flight, escape,
fugio : to flee, escape, run away / avoid, shun.
fugitivus : fugitive : deserter, runaway slave.
fugo : to put to flight, chase away, drive into exile, pursue.
fulcio : to support, strengthen, uphold / to besiege, oppress.
fulgeo (fulsi ): to flash, shine, beam.
fultus : supporter.
fundo : to pour, pour out (like molten metal), melt, cast.
fundo : (milit.) to rout, scatter, defeat, put to flight.
fungor, fungi, functus : to occupy oneself, perform, do, execute.
funis -is : rope, cord, line.
furibundus : raging, furious / inspired.
furor : madness, rage, frenzy.
furs : thief.
furtificus : thievish.
furtim : by stealth, stealthily.
furtum : theft, robbery / furta : stolen property / trick, deceit.
fusus : (from fundo) : spread out, extended, wide, copious.


galea : helmet.
Gandavum : Ghent.
gaudium : joy, delight, happiness.
Gemblacensis : Gembloux.
gemo : to sigh, groan, wail.
gens : clan, race, nation, people, tribe.
genus : kind, sort, class, category.
gero : to carry, bear, wear / bear, give birth to / to carry about.
gesto : to carry, bear about.
gestum (gero) : carrying about, conduct (oneself).
gestum (gero) : carriage, bearing / having borne.
gigno (genuit) : to bring forth, bear, beget, father.
glacialis : icy, frozen, full of ice.
gladius : sword.
gloria : fame, renown, glory.
glorior : to glory, boast, pride oneself.
grando, onis : hailstorm.
grassor : go about, go ahead, proceed, attack.
gratia agere : (+ dat.) to thank.
gratia : gratitude, favor.
gratia : in order to, for the sake of, to.
gratia : (in the abl.) on account of.
gratulor : to wish a person joy, congratulate (+dat.),give thanks
gratus : pleasing, agreeable / grateful.
gravatus : sick, oppressed, ill.
gravis : heavy, weighty, serious, important / severe, grievous.
gravitas : weight, seriousness, dignity, importance.
graviter : heavily, seriously.
gravo : to oppress, burden, make suffer.
gregatim : in troops, or crowds.
gregatim : adv., In flocks, herds, troops, crowds.
gusto : to taste.


habeo habui habitum : to have, hold, possess / consider, regard.
habitus : disposed, in a certain condition.
hac : this side, this way, here.
hac : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THIS (the sword), ...
hactenus : hitherto, up to this point, so far.
hae he : (fem. pl. nom) THESE (speeches) were very fine.
haec hec : (fem. sing. nom.) THIS (sword) is more expensive.
haec hec : (neut. pl. nom.) THESE (kisses) are sweeter than wine.
haec hec : (neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).
hanc : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THIS (her youth).
harum : (fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THESE (gates).
has : (fem. pl. acc.) They gave THESE (their lives) for the Faith.
Hasnonium : Hasnon.
haud : no, not at all, by no means.
Helcim : Helchin on the left bank of the Scheldt.
Helnonensis : Elnon. Herimann, p. 279.
Heniis Harniis : Hames.
hereditas : inheritance, often simply "property."
hesito (haesito) : to be unsure, uncertain, wavering.
hi : (masc. pl. nom.) THESE (men) are loyal to the king.
hic : (adv.) here.
hic haec (hec ) hoc : this, the latter / he, she, it.
hic : (masc. nom. sing.) THIS (house) is filthy.
hilaris : cheerful, merry, gay.
hinc : from this place, hence.
his : (masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THESE (roads).
his : (masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THESE (policemen).
his : (fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THESE (churches).
his : (fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).
his : (neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).
his : (neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).
hoc : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THIS (field).
hoc : (neut. sing. nom.) THIS (monastery) is well-built.
hoc : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THIS! (doubt)
hoc : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THIS! (fetter)
hodie : today.
hodiernus : of today.
Hoienses : Huy, Belgium, between Liege and Namur.
homo hominis : human being, man.
honor : honor, esteem, public office.
honorabilis : respectful.
hora : hour, time.
hordeum, ordeum : barley.
horrendus : horrible, dreadful.
hortor : exhort, incite, encourage.
hortus ortus : garden / pl. grounds, park.
horum : (masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THESE (soldiers) are spent.
horum : (neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.
hos : (masc. pl. acc.) They burned THESE (houses) to the ground.
hospes : guest, host, stranger.
hostes hostium : the enemy.
hostis : an enemy of the state.
huic : (neut sing. dat.) I'd give my right arm FOR THIS (cooky).
huic : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THIS (doctor).
huic : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THIS (abbey).
huius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THIS.
huius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THIS (the cost).
huius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THIS (change).
humanitas : kindness, culture, refinement.
humanus : pertaining to man, humane, humane, cultured, refined.
humilis : lowly, humble.
humo : cover with earth, bury,
humus : ground, earth, soil / land, country.
hunc : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THIS (fruit).
Hunnam : Bunna.
hypocrita : hypocrite


iaceo : to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead.
iacio : to throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse.
iaculator : : a thrower, javelin man, spear thrower.
iaculum : dart, javelin, short spear.
iam : now, by now, already / presently, immediately, soon.
iam : moreover, henceforth, indeed, just, further.
ianua : door.
ibi : there
ictus : blow, bite, stroke, bolt, thrust.
idcirco : on that account, for that reason, for that purpose.
idem eadem idem : the same.
identidem : again and again, repeatedly.
ideo : for that reason, on that account, therefore.
idoneus : proper, worthy, fitting, deserving, capable.
igitur : therefore, consequently, for this reason.
ignarus : ignorant, not knowing.
ignavus : lazy, listless, inert, sluggish cowardly, a coward.
ignis : fire.
ignoro : to be ignorant of, not know / rarely: neglect, overlook.
ignosco: (+ dat.) to overlook, forgive, pardon.
ignotus : unknown, obscure, ignorant, ignoble.
ilico : on the spot, immediately.
illa : (fem. sing. nom.) THAT (sword) is more expensive.
illa : (neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).
illa : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THAT (the sword), ...
illa : (neut. pl. nom.) THOSE (arms) belong to the victor.
illacrimo : (+ dat.) to weep over.
illae ille : (fem. pl. nom.) THOSE (women) must die!
illarum : (fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THOSE (gates).
illas : (fem. pl. acc.) They gave THOSE (their lives) for the Faith.
illata : from infero : to cause, occasion, etc.
illaturos : from infero "they would cause."
ille illa illud : that, the former, the famous / he, she, it.
ille : (masc. nom. sing.) THAT (house) is filthy.
illi : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THAT (abbey).
illi : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THAT (doctor).
illi : (masc. pl. nom.) THOSE (men) are loyal to the king.
illi : (neut sing. dat.) i'd give my right arm FOR THOSE (cookies).
illiam : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THAT (her youth).
illic : there, at that place, therein, in that matter.
illis : (masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THOSE (Marines).
illis : (fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THOSE (churches).
illis : (neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).
illis : (fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).
illis : (masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THOSE (roads).
illis : (neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).
illius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THAT (change).
illius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THAT (the cost).
illius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THAT.
illo : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THAT! (doubt)
illo : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THAT (field).
illorum : (masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THOSE (soldiers) are spent.
illorum : (neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.
illos : (masc. pl. acc.) They burned THOSE (houses) to the ground.
illuc : thither, to that place, to that matter, to that person.
illud : (neut. sing. nom.) THAT (monastery) is well-built.
illud : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THOSE (fetters)!
illudo illusi illusum : to mock, make fun of, ridicule
illum : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THAT (fruit).
imago : image, likeness.
imber ymber : rain shower, rain storm, pelting rain.
imbrium : of rain.
imcomposite : adv from incompositus : incompositione in Herimann.
imitabilis : that can be imitated,
imitor : to imitate.
immanitas : savagery, frightfulness.
immerito : adv. undeservingly, without merit, unjustifiably.
immineo : to hang over, be imminent, threaten.
immo : by all means, by no means, on the contrary.
immodicus : immoderate, excessive, beyond measure.
immortalis : immortal.
immotus : unmoved.
immunda : unclean, impure, dirty, foul.
immundus : foul, impure.
impedimentum : hindrance, impediment, obstacle, difficulty.
impedio : entangle, ensnare, obstruct, surround, hinder, prevent.
impedito : a hinderance.
impedo : to entangle, ensnare, hinder, prevent, obstruct.
impello : to drive against, strike upon.
impello impuli impulsum : to set in mortion, impel, urge on.
impendeo : to hang over, threaten, menace, be imminent.
impendium : expenditures, outlay, interest on a loan.
impendo : to lay out, expand, weigh out.
impenetrabiilis : impenetrable.
impensa : expense, outlay.
imperator : commander in chief, general, emperor.
imperceptus : unperceived / unknown,
imperiosus : imperious, domineering, powerful.
imperium : power to command, authority, command, rule, control.
impero : to give orders, command / to rule, hold sway.
impetro : to get, accomplish, effect, obtain (by asking).
impetus : attack, onset, rapid motion / impulse, passion, force.
impleo : to fill in (or up), satisfy, content, fulfil, perform.
importo : to bring in, introduce, import / bring upon, cause.
importunus : unsuitable, unfavorable, troublesome / inconsiderate.
impraesentiarum : for the present, in present circumstances.
imprimis : especially, particularly, specifically.
improbus : inferior, bad, wicked, persistent, perverse, bold.
improvidus : improvident, negligent, thoughtless, feckless.
improviso : unexpected
ex improviso : suddenly.
impudens : impudent, shameless, insolent, presumptuous.
impudenter : impudently, insolently, presumptuously.
impunitus : unpunished, unrestrained, safe.
imputo : to lay to a charge, enter in an account, impute to.
in praesentia : for the present.
in : (+ acc.) into, toward, against.
in : (+ abl.) in.
inanis : empty, vain, inane.
incassum : in vain.
inceptor : beginner.
inceptum : beginning, attempt, enterprise.
incertus : uncertain, doubtful, unsure, hesitant.
incido in mentionem : to happen to mention.
incido : to fall in or on, fall in with / happen, occur.
incipio : to take in hand, begin, commence.
incito : to excite, spur, inspire, increase / hasten, urge on.
inclino : to bend, incline, turn, change / fall back, waver.
includo : to shut in, enclose, establish a siege, surround.
inclutus / inclitus : celebrated, famous, renowned.
incola, ae : resident, inhabitant of a place.
incompositus : disorder, lack of regularity.
inconsulte : indiscreetly.
incontinencia : lack of restrain, incontinence.
incorruptus : uncorrupted, genuine, pure.
incredibilis : incredible, unbelievable.
increpare : to rebuke, chide, scold.
increpo : (of persons) to chide, rebuke.
incubo : to hang over, dwell in, lie heavily upon.
incurro : to run into, assail, attack, raid into, come upon.
Inda : Cornelism / Anster.
indagatio : investigation.
inde : thence, from there, for that reason, thereafter, then.
indebitus : not owed, not due.
indico : to proclaim, make publicly known, announce, disclose.
indigeo : to require, need, stand in need of.
indignatio : indignation.
indignus : unworthy, lacking in merit, unfit.
indo (past indidi) : to establish, cause, occasion.
indomitus : untamed, wild.
induco : cover, put on clothing, erase writing, revoke, annul.
induco : bring in, introduce, induce, persuade / decide.
induco indux inductum : to lead in, introduce, induce, influence.
industria : industry, diligence.
industrius : industrious, diligent, assiduous, hard-working.
indutiae : truce, armistice, suspension of hostilities.
inedicabilis : unexplainable, inexplicable.
ineptio : to play the fool, to trifle.
inexpugnabilis : impregnable, unconquerable, not to be taken by force.
infamo : to put to shame, disgrace.
infantia : infancy, babyhood.
infector : dyer.
infectum reddere : to revoke, render impossible, make void, annul.
infectus : unworked / not done, unfinished, incomplete.
infecunditas : barrenness, sterility.
infecundus : barren, sterile.
infelicitas : bad luck, misfortune,
infeliciter : unhappily.
infelix : arbor infelix : the gallows.
infelix : unfruitful, barren, unproductive, infertile.
infenso : to attack, avenge.
infensus : hostile, aggressive / (arms) aimed, ready / (spirit) dangerous.
inferi : those down below, the dead.
inferne : on the lower side, below.
infero : To carry in, put or place on.
infero : (in logic) to infer, conclude.
infero : (abstract things) : bring on, occasion, cause.
inferus : below, under, southern.
infervesco : to come to a boil, become hot.
infeste : in a hostile manner, belligerently.
infesto : to attack, disquiet.
infestus : aggressive, hostile, dangerous.
inficio infeci infectum : to poison, taint, corrupt.
inficio infeci infectum : to tinge, dye, stain, imbue.
infidelis : unfaithful, disloyal, untrue.
infidelitas : faithlessness, disloyalty.
infideliter : faithlessly, disloyally.
infidus : untrue, disloyal.
infigo : to fix, fasten / to imprint, impress.
infindo infidi infissum : to cut into.
infinitas infinitio : eternity, infinity, endlessness.
infinitus : unlimited, infinite, without bounds, boundless, limitless.
infirmatio : weakening / refusing / invalidating.
infirme : weakly, faintly.
infirmitas : weakness, feebleness / instability, fickleness.
infirmo : to weaken / shake / invalidate, annull
infirmus : not strong, weak, feeble / (sometimes) sick, ill.
infit : he, she, or it begins, begins to speak.
infitialis : negative, containing a no, rejection.
infitias ire : to deny.
infitior : to deny / deny a debt, refuse to return something.
inflammatio : setting afire / (people) inflaming / (souls) inspiring.
inflammo : to set on fire, inflame, to torch, kindle.
inflatio : inflation, flatulence.
inflatius : too pompous / on a grander scale.
inflatus : pompous, swollen, puffed up, inflated.
inflatus : blowing into, blast, inspiration.
inflecto : to warp / change, sway, affect.
inflecto inflexi inflectum : to bend, bow, curve.
infletus : unwept, unmourned, unlamented.
inflexio : a bendings, swaying.
inflexus : bending, curving.
infligo inflixi inflictum : to strike, hit, knock / cause damage.
inflo : to blow into / to inspire, puff up, elate.
influo influi influxum : to flow in / to rush in, steal in.
infodio infodi infossum : to dig in, bury.
informatio : concept, idea.
informis : formless, shapeless / deformed, hideous.
infortunatus : unfortunate, unhappy, unlucky.
infortunium : misfortune, bad luck / punishment.
infra inferius infimus : low down.
infra : (adv.) below, underneath / to the south, in the underworld.
infra : (+ acc.) below, under / (time) later than
infula : insignia of office.
ingemuo = dat. : to groan, sigh over.
ingenium : innate character, talent, nature.
ingens : of immoderate size, vast, huge, monstrous, remarkable.
ingero : to go off to, betake oneself to, pour forth, inflict.
ingratus : ungrateful, unpleasant, disagreeable.
ingravesco : to become heavy, become a burden.
inicio inieci iniectum : to throw on, put on, don / inspire.
inimicus : personal enemy, foe, opponent.
iniquus : unequal, unjust, unfair.
initium : beginning, start, commencement, origin.
iniuria : injury, damage, hurt / injustice, wrong.
iniustus : unjust, inequitable, unfair.
innotesco, innotui : to become known.
innotesco : to become know, noted.
innuo : to give a nod to, give a sign to.
inolesco : to grow in or on.
inops : poor, helpless, in need
inquam : I say.
inquis : you say.
inquit : he, she, it says.
inrideo : to laugh at, mock, ridicule.
inritus irritus : void, invalid, in vain, useless, ineffectual.
inruo irruo : to rush in, fling in.
insania : insanity, irrationality, madness, folly.
insciens : unknowing, unaware, ignorant.
inscribo : inscribe, entitle, enlist.
insensatus : irrational.
insequor : to follow, pursue, assail, reproach, rebuke, attack.
inservio : to be a slave, serve, be devoted to.
insideo : sit upon something, be firmly placed.
insidiae : (pl.) treachery, ambush, plot, conspiracy.
insinuo : to insinuate, work one's way in, intimate.
insisto : to enter upon [a journey] tread; (with d.) follow.
insolita : unaccustomed, unusual.
insolitus : unaccustomed / unusual, strange, uncommon.
insons insontis : guiltless, innocent.
insperatus : unexpected, unlooked for, unanticipated.
instanter : urgently.
instar : a form, figure, after the fashion of, like.
instigo : to goad, incite, stimulate, urge.
instituo : to establish, found, institute.
insto : to pursue eagerly, devote oneself to.
instructus (from instruo) : equipped, trained, supplied.
instructus : trained, taught.
instruo : to built in, set up, construct, furnish / train.
instruo : prepare, provide / draw up an order of battle.
Insula : Lille.
Insula : island.
insurgo insurgi insurrectum : to rise up, rebel, revolt.
integer : whole, untouched, unhurt, undamaged / complete, entire.
intellego intellexi intellectum : to understand, comprehend, see.
intempestivus: unseasonable, untimely, immoderate.
intendo : to stretch, strain, try to prove.
intendo : to extend, aim, direct, direct one's course, aim at.
intentio : effort, exertion, attention, intent / attack, accusation.
intentus : thorough, tense, anxious, strict.
inter : (+ acc.) between, among.
intercipio intercepi interceptum : to intercept
interdico : to forbid, prohibit, outlaw, gain an injunction.
interdico : to forbid, prohibit, interdict.
interdum : sometimes, now and then, at times.
intereo : to perish, die.
interficio interfeci interfectum : to kill, murder, slay.
interrogatio : interrogation, inquiry.
intro : to walk into, enter, make one's way into.
introduco : to lead in, introduce.
intueor : to look at attentively, gaze at, consider.
intumesco : to swell up, increase, swell with anger.
intumesco : to sell, sell up, sell with anger.
intus : within.
inultus : unavenged, unpunished.
invado : to undertake, go in, enter, get in.
invado : to assail, usurp, seize, attack, fall upon.
invalesco : to gather strength, become stronger.
invenio : to come upon, find, discover.
inventor : inventor, discoverer.
investigo : to track down, investigate.
inveteratus : hardened by age, of long-standing.
invetero : to give duration, to render old
invicem : one after the other, by turns, mutually, each other.
invictus : unconquer, unconquerable, undefeated.
invideo : to envy, be jealous of, look upon with envy.
invidia : envy, jealousy, hatred.
inviso : to go to see, visit, inspect, look at.
invisus : hated, hateful.
invito : to invite, summon.
invitus : unwilling, against one's will.
ioco iocor : to joke, jest, make merry.
iocus : joke, jest, jape, gag.
ipse ipsa ipsum : himself, herself, itself.
ipsemet : his own very self.
ira : anger, wrath.
irascor iratus : to be angry, to be wrathful.
iratus : angry, wrathful.
irrito : to irritate, exasperate, excite.
irritum : nothingness, worthlessness, vanity.
irritus : vain, useless, ineffectual, of not effect.
irritus : undecided, void, unfixed, of no effect.
is ea id : this, that / he, she, it.
iste ista istud : that / sometimes pejorative.
ita ut : (with subj.) in such a way that,
ita : so, thus.
ita : (in narration) and so; (with adj. or adv.) so, so very.
itaque : (adv.) and, so, therefore.
iter itineris : road, route, journey.
itero : to repeat, say again, iterate.
iterum : again, a second time, once more.
iubeo iussi iussum : to order, command.
iucunditas : pleasure, charm.
iucundus : agreeable, pleasant, gratifying.
iudex : judge, juror.
iudicium : judgment, decision, opinion, trial
iudico : to judge, consider
iugis, e : perpetual, continuous.
iugis iuge : perpetual, continuous.
iumentum : beast of burden.
iungo iunxi iunctum : to join
iuro : to swear, to make an oath.
ius iurandum iuris iurandi etc. : oath.
ius iuris : justice, law, right.
iussu : (abl.) at the command of, by order of.
iustus : just, right, equitable.
iuvo : to help, aid, assist / to please.
iuxta : just short of.
iuxta : close by, near / in like manner, equally.
iuxta : (+ acc.) close to, near to / (time) just before.


jaculum : dart, javelin.
judicium : trial, legal investigation, judgement, decision.
jugis : adj. continual, ceaseless, perennial, constant.
jugiter : continually, perpetually, constantly / instantly.
jumentum : draft animal.
juvenis : young man, youth.
juventus : the age of youth (20-40 years).


labefacio labefeci labefactum : to shake, loosen / impair.
labefacto : to weaken, disturb / shake violently.
labellum : a little lip / a small washing vessel.
labes labis : stain, blemish, disgrace, infamy / misfortune.
labia labium :lip (labiae : lips).
labiosus : having large lips.
labo : to totter, sink, begin to fall.
labor : hardship, fatigue, distress.
labor laboris : labor, work, toil
labor lapsus : to slip, glide, slide.
labores solis : eclipse of the sun.
laboriose : laboriously, with great effort
laboriosus : toilsome, laborious / (persons) industrious, toiling.
laboro : (intrans.) to work, toil, suffer, be afflicted, be troubled.
laboro : (trans.) work out, prepare, arrange, form, elaborate.
labrum : lip, edge, rim / bathing tub.
labrusca : wild grape vine.
labruscum : the wild grape.
lac lactis : milk.
lacer : torn, mangled, cut to pieces.
laceratio : a tearing, mangling.
lacero : to tear to pieces, mangle / squander money / slander someone.
lacerta : lizard.
lacertosus : muscular, powerful.
lacertus : the upper arm / strength.
lacesso : to harass, attack.
lacrima Heliandum : amber.
lacrima : tears / exudations from some plants.
lacrimabilis : lamentable, deplorable, woeful.
lacrimo : to weep, shed tears / exude, drip.
lacrimosus : tearful, mournful, shedding tears,
lactans : giving milk.
lactatio : enticement, come-on.
lacteus : milky, of milk, milk-white.
lacteus : of milk, milky, milk-white.
lacto : to allure, entice, wheedle.
lactuca : lettuce.
lacuna : missing letters, words, or phrases in a manuscript.
lacuna : a hole, empty space / pond, pool / deficiency, loss.
lacunar : panelled ceiling.
lacus : a hollow / lake, pool, pond, trough, tank, tub.
laedo ledo : strike, hit, hurt, damage, offend, annoy, violate.
laesio lesio : rhetorical attack / wounding.
laetabilis letabilis : joyous, glad.
laetans : rejoicing, joyous.
laetatio letatio : rejoicing, joy.
laetifico letifico : to fertilize / cheer, gladden, delight.
laetificus letificus : gladdening, joyous, spreading happiness.
laetitia letitia : fertility / richness, grace / joy, delight.
laeto leto : to cheer, gladden, make joyful.
laetor letor : to rejoice, be joyful.
laeve leve : left-handedly, awkwardly.
laevus levus : foolish, silly / unlucky, unpropitious.
laevus levus : the left hand, left side, left-handed.
laganum : a cake.
lama : bog, slough.
lambo : to lick / (of rivers) to wash.
lamenta (neut. pl) : weeping, wailing.
lamentabilis : lamentable, mournful.
lamentatio : weeping, wailing, lamenting.
lamentor : to weep, wail, lament / (trans.) to bewail.
lamia : witch, vampire.
lamnia lammina lamna : sheet of metal, coin, knife blade, nutshell.
lapsus : fall, fault, error, sliding, graduate movement.
laqueum : noose, halter, snare, trap.
laqueus : snare, trap, noose.
largior : lavish, bestow, grant, give abundantly.
lascivio : to run riot, play, be wanton.
lasesco : to become tired, grow weary.
latus -eris : sides, flank / lungs /
laudator : praiser.
laudo : to praise, extoll, commend / name, mention, cite, quote.
Laudunum : Laon.
laus : praise, glory, fame.
lebes : copper kettle, basin, cauldron.
lectica : litter, bier.
lector : reader.
lectus : bed.
legatarius : legatee.
legatus : deputy, ambassador, envoy,
legens legentis : a reader.
legio : legion
lego : to gather, choose, collect, pass through, read,
lemiscus : a ribbon.
lemma : theme, title, epigram.
lemures : (pl. only) ghosts, phantoms.
lenimentus : alleviation, improvement, mitigation.
lenio : to mitigate, relieve, make better.
lenis : smooth / gentle, kind, mild.
lenitas lenitudo : smoothness, gentleness, mildness.
leno : procurer, go-between.
lenocinium : enticement, allurement.
lenocinor : to pander, flatter, make up to / to promote, advance.
lens lentis : lentil.
lente : slowly, calmly, cooly, deliberately.
lentesco : to become soft, flexible, sticky / to weaken, slacken.
lentitudo : slowness, apathy, sluggishness.
lento : to bend.
lentulus : rather slow, a little slow.
lentus : lethargic, inactive / slow, lingering.
lentus : tough, resistant, tenacious / supple, pliant /
Leo : lion.
Leodie : Liege.
lepide : charmingly, wittily, elegantly, pleasantly.
lepidus : charming, witty, pleasant, elegant.
lepor lepos : charm, wit, elegance.
lepus : hare, rabbit.
Lesciense, monastery of : Liessies.
letalis : mortal, deadly, fatal.
letaliter : mortally, fatally.
letanie : litany
lethargus : drowsiness, apathy, sleepiness, coma.
letifer : deadly, mortal.
leto : to kill, slay.
letum : death, ruin, annihilation.
levamen : alleviation, mitigation, solace, refreshment.
levamentum : comfort, easing, alleviation, consolation.
levatio : alleviation, mitigation, solace.
leviculus : empty-headed, vain, silly.
levidensis : thin, slight, poor.
levis : rapid, swift / unimportant / fickle, inconstant / unstable.
levis : light, slight, trivial / beardless, bald / light-armed.
levitas : lightness, levity / fickleness, inconstancy / groundlessness.
leviter : lightly, softly, slightly.
levo : to smooth, polish.
levo : to raise, lift up / relieve, ease / diminish, weaken, impair.
lex legis : law, statute / covenant, agreement
libatio : libation.
libellus : little book.
libenter : willingly, with pleasure.
liber : child, offspring.
liber libri : book.
liber libera, liberum : free, independent, unrestricted.
liberalis : courteous, generous, gentlemanly.
liberalitas : courtesy, kindness, generousity / a grant.
liberaliter : courteously, generously, honorably.
liberatio : release, liberation, acquittal, setting free.
libere : freely, openly, frankly.
libero : to liberate, set free.
libero : to lift (an obstacle), raise.
libero : to set free, deliver, liberate, release / exempt
libertas : freedom, liberty, independence / frankness, candor.
libido : whim, caprice, violent desire, passionate longing.
licet : granted that, although / it is allowed, one may or can.
licet : (as conj.) granted that, although.
ligo : to bind, tie.
lima : file, polishing, revision.
limen, limina : threshold.
lingua : language, tongue, speech.
lino : to smear, befoul, dirty.
linteum : linen, napkin.
liquidus : fluid, flowing, liquid / clear, evident, certain.
litigo : to quarrel, dispute.
littera : letter (of the alphabet).
litterae : (pl.) letter, epistle, missive, note / literature.
loci : (pl.) passages in literary works.
loco : to place, put, position.
locupleto : to enrich, make wealthy.
locus : place, location, situation, spot.
loginquitas : distance, remoteness, isolation.
longe lateque : far and wide.
longe : far.
longus : long
loquax loquacis : talkative, loquacious, garrulous.
loquor locutus : to say, speak, tell.
loricatus : wearing armor, armored.
lubricus : oily, slippery, slick.
lucerna : lamp.
lucror : to gain, profit, win.
lucrosus : profitable, gainful.
lucrum : gain, profit.
luctisonus : sad-sounding, mournful, baleful.
luctus : lamentation, mourning, grief.
ludio ludius : actor, player
ludo lusi lusum : to play, sport / imitate, banter / delude, deceive.
ludus : game, sport, school.
lues : plague, pestilence, calamity.
lugeo : to mourn, be in mourning, grieve / (tans,) to lament, bewail.
luna : moon.
lupus : wolf.
Lutosensis : Leuze.
lux lucis : light.
luxuria : luxury, extravagance, opulence.


macellarius : butcher, slaughter-house.
macer : thin, lean.
macero : to soften, weaken, reduce, torment.
macies : thiness, gauntness / poverty barrenness
macresco : to become lean, skinny, thin.
mactabilis : deadly, lethal.
macto : to magnify, glorify, honor / slay, fight, punish, afflict.
macula : stain, mark, spot / blemish, fault, flaw.
maculo : to stain, blemish, defile, pollute.
maculosus : spotted, speckled, polluted.
madesco : to get wet.
madide : drunkenly.
madidus : wet, moist, soaked, boiled, soft, drunk, dyed, steeped.
mador : wetness, moisture.
maero : to grieve, sorrow.
maeror meror : mourning, grief, sorrow.
magis : more, to a greater extent, rather, for preference
magister : master, canon / master of a school, professor.
magnopere magnus opere : very, very much.
magnus maior maximus : large, great, important.
magus : magical.
maiestas : majesty, dignity, greatness.
maiores : (pl.) ancestors.
Malbodiensis : Maubeuge.
male peius pessime : badly, ill, wrongly.
malens : preferring.
Malmundarium : Malmedy.
malo mallui malus : to choose, prefer.
malum : evil, misfortune, misdeed, crime, injury, damage.
malus peior pessimus : bad, wicked, evil.
mancipo mancepo : to sell formally, turn over, give into charge.
mancipo : to sell formally, give up.
mandatum : order, decree, mandate, instruction.
mando : to commit, entrust, order, command.
mane : morning, early in the morning, early.
manentia : permanency.
maneo : to remain, stay, stay the night, last, endure, abide by.
mansuetus : mild, soft, gentle.
manus manus : hand, band, handwriting.
Marceniense : Marchiennes,
Marcieniensis : Marchiennes.
mare maris : sea.
maritus : husband.
mater matris : mother.
matera, mairia : ?vat, for the fermentation of beer.
materia : material, substance, matter.
matertera : maternal aunt.
matrimonium : marriage.
maxime : greatly, exceedingly, to the highest degree, very.
maxime : especially, particularly, principally.
me : (acc.) me / that old black magic has ME in its spell.
me : (abl.) me / you'll do fine with ME, baby.
medicus : doctor, physician.
mediocris : ordinary, average, fair, moderate, mediocre.
meditor meditatus : to reflect upon, consider, ponder / practice.
medius : middle, the middle of.
mei : my, mine / MY heart belongs to daddy. that old gang of MINE.
mel mellis : honey.
melior : better.
mellitus : honeyed, sweet as honey.
membrana : thin skin, film, parchment, membrane, prepared skin.
memini meminisse : to remember.
memor : mindful, remembering, grateful, thoughful, prudent.
memoratus : mentioned.
memoria : memory, remembrance, recall, recollection.
Menapiorum :
mendosus : faulty, full of faults.
mens mentis : mind, thought, intention, intellect.
mensa : table.
mensis mensis : month.
merces mercedis : pay, reward, recompense, compensation.
mereo, mereor : deserve, earn, be entitled to, merit.
mereo : deserve, gain, obtain, serve as a soldier.
meretrix meretricis : prostitute, whore, harlot.
meridianus : midday, afternoon, south.
mestitia : misfortune?
Metim : Metz.
metuo : to fear, dread, be frightened.
metus : fear, dread, anxiety.
meus : my.
mica : crumb, morsel, grain.
mihi : (dat.) me / give ME land, lots of land.
miles militis : soldier, warrior, knight.
milia : (pl.) thousands.
militaris -e : of a soldier, military, martial.
mille : a thousand.
millies milies : a thousand times.
minime : in the least degree, very little / not at all, by no means
minimus : least, smallest, slightest.
ministro : to serve, wait upon, provide, supply.
ministro : to attend, wait upon, assist.
minor : smaller, less, slighter.
minuo minui minutum : To less, diminish, decrease, grow smaller.
mire : wonderfully, marvellously, uncommonly.
miro : to wonder.
miror : to marvel at, admire, wonder.
mirus : wonderful, astonishing, extraordinary.
misceo miscui mixtum : to mix, mingle, blend.
miser : wretched, unfortunate, miserable.
misere : wretchedly, miserably.
misereo, misereor : to pity.
misericordia : pity, mercy.
missa : holy mass
mitesco : to grow mild, ameliorate.
mitigo : to make mild or ripe, make smooth, pacify, appease.
mitis : mild, gentle / ripe, mature.
mitto misi missum : to send, dispatch.
modestus : orderly, within bounds, moderate, restrained.
modica : moderate, within bounds, limited, undistinguished.
modicus : ordinary, undistinguished, within bounds.
modio : a grain measure, a bushel basket.
modo : now, just now, only.
modus : measure, bound, limit / manner, method, mode, way.
Moguntienses : Mainz.
moleste : take annoyance
moleste fero : I take annoyance.
molestia : annoyance, troublesomeness / stiffness, affectation.
molestus : troublesome, disagreeable, annoying.
molior : to build, erect, construct, contrive, toil, struggle.
mollio : to soften, make pliant.
mollis : adj. soft, pliant, flexible, easily moved, gentle.
monachus : monk.
Monasteriense : Munster.
monasterium : monastery, abbey, convent.
moneo : to warn, admonish, remind, advise, instruct.
monitio : admonition, warning.
mons montis : mountain, mount.
monstro : to show, appoint, point out, ordain.
monstrum : portent, omen, monster.
Montensem : Mons.
mora : delay
moratlis : mortal.
morbus : sickness, disease, illness.
mores, morium : ways, conduct, character, morals.
morior : to die, wither away, decay.
mors mortis : death.
morsus : a biting, bite, also, sting, pain.
mortifera : deadly things
mortuus : dead, deceased, passed away, gone West, departed.
mos moris : will, inclination / custom, wont, usage, rule.
moveo moti motum : to move, arouse, affect, influence.
mox : soon, presently, then, thereupon.
mucro : a sharp point, edge, dagger point.
mugio : to groan, bellow, roar, low.
mulier : woman.
multi : many, numerous / the common herd.
multo : by much, by far, by a great deal, by a lot.
multum : much, greatly.
multus : ne multus : briefly, in brief.
multus : much, great
multus plus plurimum : much, a lot.
mundo : to clean.
mundus : world, universe.
mundus : clean, neat, elegant.
munero / munerior : to give, present.
munimentum : fortification, protection, defenses.
munio : to fortify, defend, protect / build a road.
munitio : fortifying, defense works, bridging, fortification.
munus muneris : service, office, function, duty / gift.
mus muris : mouse.
mussito : to grumble, mutter.
mutatio : change, alteration, transformation.
muto : to change, alter / exchange.
muto : punish, fine, mulct.
mutuo : borrowed, lend,
mutuus : interchanged, mutually, reciprocal / reciprocity.
mutuus : a loan. dare mutuum : to make a loan. N nam : namque : (conj.) for.
Namucense : Namur.
narro : to make known, say, speak, narrate.
nascor nasci natus : to be born, spring forth.
natalis natalis : birthday.
natio : nation, people.
natura : nature
nauta : sailor.
navigatio : voyage, navigation.
navigo : to sail, navigate.
navis navis : ship, vessel, boat.
ne ... quidem : not ... even.
ne : (conj.) that ... not, in order that ... not, in order not to.
necdum (neque dum) : and not yet.
necessarius : necessary, needed, essential.
necesse : (adj.) necessary, unavoidable, indispensable.
necne : or not.
neco : to kill, slay, put to death.
nefas : wrong, sin.
nego : to deny.
negotium : employment, business, task, occupation, pains.
nemo : no one, nobody.
neo : to spin, interweave. (to spin thread and yarn).
nepos nepotis : grandson.
nequam : worthless, good for nothing, bad.
nequaquam : by no means, not at all.
neque ... neque : neither ... nor.
neque nec : and not, nor.
nequeo : not to be able, to be impossible.
nequitia nequities : worthlessness, badness, wickedness.
nescio : to be ignorant, be unaware, not know, be unknowing.
nichilominus : nevertheless.
nidor : vapor, smell, reek, odor.
niger : black.
nihil : (undeclinable) nothing
nihilum : nothing.
nimirum : of course, undoubtedly, certainly (sometimes ironical).
nimis : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively
nimium : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.
nisi : if not, unless, except.
niteo : to shine, glitter, be bright, glow, be sleek, flourish.
nitesco : to begin to shine, grow sleek.
nitor : to strive, exert oneself, make an effort, persevere.
nitor : to rest, lean, support oneself / trust in, depend upon.
nitor : brilliance, brightness, glow, elegance, splendor.
Nivellensem : Nivelles, city and monastery.
niveus : white, snowy.
no: (nare, navi) : to swim, float, fly, sail.
nobis : (abl.) us / there'll be no one as happy as US.
nobis : (dat.) us / the world belongs to US.
nocens : bad, wicked, injurious, culpable, evil.
noceo : (+ dat.) to do harm to, inflict injury, hurt.
nolo, nolle, nolui : to be unwilling, wish not to, refuse.
nomen : name / nomen Romanorum: Roman power.
nominatim : by name, expressly.
nomine tenus : nominally, in name.
nomine tenus nominetenus : as far as the meaning of the word extends.
non : not.
nondum : not yet
nonnisi : not? not unless? Herimann, cap. 34.
nonnullus : some / pl. several.
nonnumquam : sometimes.
nonus : ninth.
nos : we / WE live and die by that creed.
nos : us / they tried to tell US we're too young.
nosco : to become acquainted with, get to know.
noster nostra nostrum : our, ours.
noster nostri : our ours / OUR hearts beat as one.
noster nostri : our ours / that old dream of OURS
nota : mark, token, note, sign.
notarius : stenographer (class.), notary, legal scribe.
novem : nine.
novitas : newness, novelty, strangeness.
novo : to make anew, refresh, revive, change, alter, invent.
novus : novel, unusual, extraordinary / news, novelty, a new thing
novus : new, fresh, young, inexperienced, revived, refreshed.
nox noctis : night.
nullus : not any, no, none.
numerus : total, category, class, number.
numquam : adv. at no time, never.
nunc quidem : at one time ... then.
nunc : now, at the present time.
nunquam : never.
nuntio : to announce, report, relate.
nuntius : messenger, message.
nuper : newly, recently, not long ago.
nusquam esse : not to exist.
nusquam : nowhere, in no place, nothing, for nothing, never.
nutrimens : food, nourishment.
nutrimentus : nourishment.
nutrio : to suckle, nourish, bring up, rear.
nutus : a nodding, nod, command, will.
nutus : a nod, command, will / gravitation, movement down.


obdormio : to fall asleep.
obduro : to be hard, persist, endure, last, hold out.
obicio obieci obiectum : to offer, throw in someone's teeth.
obligatus : bound, under an obligation.
obliquo : to turn sideways, turn aside.
oblittero : to cancel, blot out.
oblivio : forgetfulness, oblivion.
obruo : to overwhelm, destroy.
obsequium : indulgence, pliancy, submission.
obstinatus : firm, resolved, staunch.
obtestor : to implore, entreat, beg, call as a witness.
obtineo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain / to continue.
obviam ire : (+ dat.) to go to meet, oppose / help, remedy.
obviam : on the way, in the way / (+ dat.) towards, against.
obvius : on the way, in the way / (in dat.) open, accessible.
occasio : favorable moment, opportunity.
occido occidi occasum : to fall, fall down, (for the sun) to set.
occulto : secretly.
occupo : to take possession, grasp, seize, enjoy, get a start on.
occurro : to fall upon, attack, work against, counteract.
occursus : meeting, falling in, running into each other.
ocius : quick. fleet, sooner, faster.
oculus : eye.
odio : to hate, despite, hold in contempt, dislike strongly.
odium : hatred.
offensio : striking, knocking, hitting against, blow.
offero : to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.
officina : workshop, factor.
officium : duty, service, job.
olim : at that time, formerly, once, for a long time now.
omitto : to omit, leave out / let go.
omnigenus : of all kinds.
omnino : altogether, entirely, wholly, certainly, completely.
omnipotens : all-powerful, almighty, omnipotent
omnis : all, every.
onero : to load, burden, oppress, fill up.
onus : load, burden, weight, trouble / charge, public road tax.
opera : work, pains, labor.
operor : to work, labor, toil, take pains.
opes : (pl.) means, wealth, abundance, riches, resources.
opinio : opinion, report, rumor, conjecture, report.
opisthotonos : A disease where the body is curved backward.
oporotheca : place for keeping fruit.
oportet : it is proper, one should, one ought.
oportunitas : convenience, fitness, advantage, opportunity.
oppono opposui oppositum : to set against, oppose, be opposite.
opportune : (adv) opportunely, conveniently.
opportunitas : fitness, suitability, convenience, advantage.
opportunitatus : Herimann, cap. 42.
opportunus : opportune, fit, convenient, suitable.
opportunus : fit, suitable / (time) favorable / (+dat.) liable to.
opprimo oppressi oppressum : to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check.
opprobrium : reproach, disgrace.
oppugno : to fight against, attack, assault, assail.
ops : singular: power, power to aid, power to help.
optimates : the aristocratic party.
optimus: one of the best, aristocrat, noble.
opto : to desire, wish for, want.
opus operis : work, labor, work done, completed work, building.
oratio : speech, address, oration.
orator : orator, speaker.
orbis terrarum : the world, the Earth.
orbis : circle, orb.
ordinatio : rule, government, order, arrangment, regulation.
ordine, ordinem : regularly, appropriately, properly.
ordo : rank, class, order.
orior oriri ortus : rise, become visible, appear.
ornatus : dress, attire, equipment, ornament, embellishment.
orno : to equip, furnish, supply / decorate, adorn.
oro : to speak, argue, plead, orate, beg, entreat.
os, oris : mouth, face, countenance.
ostendo : show, reveal, present, make plain, declare.
ostium : entrance, door.
otium : free time, leisure, ease, peace, repose.
otium : ease, leisure, inactivity.
ovis ovis : sheep.


paciscor : to make an agreement, covenant, pact.
paciscor : to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.
pactum : treaty, pact, contract.
pactum : agreement, contract, covenant, pact.
pactus : agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.
paene, pene : nearly, almost.
paganus : countryman, peasant, pagan.
pala : spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.
palam : openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.
palea : chaff.
pallium : coverlet, mantle, cloak.
palma : palm.
pando : to stretch out, spread out, extent.
panis panis : bread.
par : equal, like.
paratus : prepared, ready, provided, equipped.
paratus : prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.
paratus : preparation, fitting out, equipment.
parco : (with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.
parco : (+inf.: to forbear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.
parens parentis : parent.
pareo : (+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.
paries parietis : wall
parilis : similar, like, equal.
pario : to bear, bring forth, produce / create, make, get.
pariter : equally, in like manner, as well.
paro : to prepare, get ready / set, put / furnish, supply / buy.
pars partis : part, share / direction.
partim : partly / some.
parum minus minime : (adv.) little, too little, not enough.
parvus minor minimus : small, little
pasco : to graze, forage, browse.
passer : sparrow.
passim : adv. far and wide, everywhere, scattered about.
patefacio : to disclose, expose, open, make open.
pateo : to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.
pater patris : father.
paternus : of a father, paternal, native.
patiens : patient / (+ gen.) capable of enduring.
patientia : patience, suffering, endurance.
patior : to suffer, endure, permit.
patria : fatherland, one's native country, homeland.
patrocinor : to protect, defend, support, patronize.
patronus : patron, protector.
patruus : paternal uncle.
pauci : few, a few, some.
paulatim : gradually, little by little.
pauper : beggar, person without means.
pauper : poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.
paupertas : beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.
pax pacis : peace
peccatus : sin.
pecco : to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.
pecto : to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).
pectus pectoris : heart, breast.
pecunia : money.
pecus : a single head of cattle, especially a sheep.
peior : worse (see malus).
pello pepulli pulsum : to hit, beat / exile, drive away, banish.
pendeo : to hang, depend, be suspended / be uncertain, undecided.
pendo : to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.
penitus : inward, inner, interior.
penitus : (adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.
penus, us : provender, supplies, victuals.
pepulo : ? Herimann, cap. 3.
per : (+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.
per : (+ acc.) (means / instrument) through, with, by, by means of.
per : (+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.
per : (+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.
peracto : to carry through, complete, accomplish.
peragro : to wander through, travel through.
percipio percepi perceptum : to gain, learn, perceive, understand.
percontor percunctor : inquire, interrogate, investigate.
perculsus : a shock.
percutio (percussum) : to strike hard, pierce, transfix / shock.
perdignus : very worthy.
perdo : to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.
perduco : to lead through, conduct, carry through.
peregrinus : wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.
pereo : to pass away, be destroyed, perish.
perfectus : complete, finished, done / perfect, without flaw.
perfero : to bear, suffer, endure.
perficio perfeci perfectum: to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring about.
perfruor : to execute completely, enjoy to the full.
perfusus : steeped, soaked, drenched.
pergo : to continue, proceed, go on with.
periclitatus : put in peril, endangered.
periclitor : to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.
periculosus : hazardous, dangerous.
periculum : danger, risk.
perimo peremi peremptum : to destroy
peritus : skilled, expert.
periurium : perjury, oath-breaking, forswearing an oath.
perlustro : to pass through, survey, look, examine.
permitto permissi permissum : to allow, permit, let.
permoveo : to excite, agitate, stir up, move.
perniciosus : pernicious, destructive.
perperam : wrongly, falsely.
perpetro : to complete, accomplish, perform.
perpetuus : perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.
perscitus : very clever, exceedingly sharp.
perscribo : to write out, write down, place on record.
perseco : to cut through, dissect, cut away.
persequor persequi persecutus : to follow, pursue, take revenge.
perseverantia : perseverance, persistence.
persevero : to persist, persevere, continue.
persisto : to persist, persevere.
persolvo : to unloose, explain, expound / pay off a debt, pay.
personam gero : to act a part.
perspicuus : transparent, bright, clear, evident.
persuadeo persuasi persuasum : (+ dat.) to persuade.
perterreo : to terrify.
pertimesco : to become very much afraid.
pertinacia : firmness, obstinacy, stubbornness.
pertinaciter : stubbornly, obstinately.
pertinax : persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinate
pertineo : to pertain to, relate to, concern.
pertingo : to stretch out, extend.
pertorqueo : to twist, distort.
pertraho : to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.
perturbo : to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.
perturpis : very disgraceful.
peruro perussi perustum : to burn up, consume / inflame, gall, chafe.
pervalidus : very strong.
pervenio : (+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.
perverto perverti perversum : to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.
pervideo pervidi pervisum : to look over, survey, inspect, discern.
pes pedis : foot.
pessimus : worst (see malus)
pessum do: to destroy, ruin, wreck
pessum ire: to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.
pessum : to the ground, to the bottom, downward.
pestifer : pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,
pestifere : destructively, injuriously.
pestis pestis : plague, epidemic, pestilence / destruction, curse.
petitus : inclining toward
peto : to make for, go to, seek, strive after.
peto : to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.
Pevela : Pevle, near Cisoing.
pharetra : a quiver.
phasma phasmatis : ghost, spirit, specter.
phitonicum : Herimann p. 275.
pia pium : honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.
pica : jay, magpie.
picea : the spruce tree
pictor : painter
pictoratus : painted / of cloth, embroidered.
piger pigra pigrum : lazy, slow, dull.
pignus : pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges of
piper, piperis : pepper.
pipio : to chirp, tweet, pipe.
pirum : pear.
pirus : pear tree.
piscator : fisherman.
piscis piscis : fish.
pius: dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.
placeo : (+ dat.) to please, be agreeable to
placet : it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.
placide : quitely, gently.
placidus : quiet, still, gentle.
placitum : judgment, case / plea, litigation / defense.
placitum : accord, agreement, pact / assembly for judgment.
placo : to placate, appease.
plaga : district, zone, region.
plagiarius : kid-napper, plagiarist
plane : plainly, clearly.
plango planxi plactum : to strike, beat / bewail, mourn.
platea : street, courtyard.
plaustrum : wagon, cart, charles Wain.
plebs plebis : the common people, the masses, the crowd.
plecto : to punish.
plector : to be punished.
plene : (adv.) completely, wholly, fully.
plenus : full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.
plerumque : for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.
plerusque : very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.
plico : to fold.
plorabilis : deplorable.
plorator : a lamenter.
ploratus : weeping, lamenting.
ploro : to lament, weep, weep over.
pluit pluvit : it is raining, a shower is falling.
pluma : feather / featherbed / pen.
plumbeus : leaden, made of lead / dull, stupid, heavy, oppressive, bad.
plumbum album : tin.
plumbum : lead, a bullet, lead pipe.
pluo : to rain, shower, sprinkle.
plura : more numerous, several, many.
plures : more numerous, several, many.
plurimi : at the highest price, of the highest worth.
plurimus : most, very many.
pluris : (gen.) at a higher price, of a great value
plus : more.
plusculus : somewhat more, rather more.
pluvia : rain, shower.
pluvialis : pertaining to rain, of rain.
pocius potius : rather, preferably.
poema poematis : poem, verse, rhyme.
poena : pain, punishment, penalty / poena dare : to pay the penalty.
poeta : (masc.) poet.
polenta : pearl barley, barley groats.
pollen : (also pollis ): fine flour, fine meal.
polleo : to be strong, powerful, able.
pollex : thumb, big toe.
polliceor : to promise, offer.
pollicitus : promised, a promise.
pomum : fruit, apple.
pono posui positum : to lay, place, put, set / (milit.) post, station.
pons pontis : bridge.
poposco : see posco : Herimann, cap. 28, 69.
populus : people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.
porro : forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.
porta : gate, entrance.
posco : to call upon, ask earnestly, request.
positus : position, place, arrangment.
possessio : possession, property.
possum posse potum : to be able, avail, have influence.
post : (+ acc.) after, behind.
postea : afterwards.
posteri : posterity.
posterus, postremo : subsequent, following, next, future.
posthabeo : [posthabito] : to put after, consider of less account.
postpono : to put after, consider secondary.
postquam : (conj.) after.
postulo : to ask.
potens : able, mighty, powerful, strong.
potestas : power, ability, authority / opportunity.
potior : (+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.
potissimum : (adv.) chiefly, most of all.
potissimus : best of all, chief, principal.
potius : rather, preferably
prae dulcis / pre dulcis : exceedingly sweet.
prae se ferre / pre se ferre : to show, exhibit, on account of.
prae quam / pre quam : in comparison with.
prae pre : (prep. with abl.) before,
prae pre : (adv.) before, in front.
praebeo prebeo : to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.
praebeo prebeo : (+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.
praecedo precedo : to precede, go before / surpass, excel.
praecelsus precelsus : exceedingly high.
praecepio precepio : precept, preconception.
praeceptum preceptum : precept.
praecido : to cut short, lop, mutilate.
praecipio, precipio : to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.
praecipuus precipuus: excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.
praeclarus preclarus : excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.
praeconor preconor : to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.
praecox precox : ripe beforehand, premature.
praeda preda : plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.
praedico predico : to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.
praeeo preeo : to go before, precede / to say in advance / to order.
praefero prefero : to carry in front, display, prefer.
praefero prefero : anticipate, carry by, ride by.
praeficio preficio / prefeci prefectum : to put in charge of
praefinio prefinio : to appoint ahead of time
praefoco prefoco : to choke, suffocate.
praegravo pregravo : to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.
praemitto : to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.
praemium premium : reward, prize.
praemo premo : to press down, strike down.
praenuntio, prenuntio : to foretell, announce before hand.
praenuntius prenuncius : foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.
praepono prepono : to set over, prefer.
praepositus prepositus : (monastic) prior.
praeproperus, preproperus: over-hasty, precipitate.
praesentia presentia : presence, presence of mind, effect, power.
praesentia presencia : power, effect.
praesidium presidium : guard, garrison, detachment / protection.
praestans prestans : excellent, distinguished, imminent.
praestantia prestantia: superiority, excellence.
praesto : to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.
praesto presto : to answer for, be responsible for.
praesto presto : to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.
praesul presul : dancer / presider, protector, director.
praesum presum : to be at the head of, be in charge of.
praesumo presumo : to anticipate, take for granted.
praeter : adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.
praeterea preterea : besides, further, hereafter.
praetereo pretereo : to pass over, pass by, omit.
praeteritus preteritus : past.
praetermissio pretermissio : neglect, passing over, omission.
praetorgredior pretergredior : to pass beyond, go beyond.
praevenio, prevenio : to come before, anticipate.
praevenio : get the start of.
pravitas : crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.
preastolatio prestolatio : the waiting for, expectation.
precipio : to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.
precipue : chiefly, especially, particularly.
precor : to pray, beg, entreat, invoke.
prehendo : to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.
premo pressi pressum : to squeeze, press down, strike down.
prenda : booty, loot, stolen goods.
pretereo : to go by, pass by, escape.
pretium : price, value, reward.
prevenire : to come to, go before hand, attend.
prex precis : request, entreaty, prayer.
primitus : first, for the first time.
primo : first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.
primoris : first, foremost / most distinguished, first.
primum : quam primum : as soon as possible.
primum : at first, for the first time, in the first place.
princeps : chief, prince.
principatus : rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.
principium : beginning.
prior prius : former, prior.
priores, um : forefathers, ancestors.
priscus : ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.
pristinus : former, venerable, ancient.
prius : before, formerly.
priusquam : (conj.) before.
privatus : private, unofficial, a private person.
privigna : step-daughter.
privo : to deprive
privus : (with gen.) deprived of.
pro eo : because of the fact, because, for this reason..
pro : (+ abl.) in return for, instead of / for, as.
pro : (+ abl.) in front of, before / on behalf of, for.
probitas : probity, uprightness, honesty.
probo : to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.
procedo : to go out, come out / result, prosper / turn out well.
procedo : to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.
procella : storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.
procella : storm, tempest, gale.
procer : chief noble, prince.
procinctu : prepared or ready for battle.
procul : far, at, to, from a distance.
procurator : manager, bailiff, agent.
prodigiosus : unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.
proditor : traitor, betrayer.
proelium : battle.
profecto : truly, really, indeed.
profero : to carry out, bring forth.
proficio : to make progress, advance.
proficio : advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.
proficiscor : to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.
proficuus : proficiscor : to start forward, set out, depart, arise.
profiteor: to make a public statement / to declare oneself.
profiteor: to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.
profor profari profatus : to speak out.
profugus : fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.
profundo frofui profusum : to pour forth, gush, stream.
profundum : a depth, abyss, chasm / the sea.
profundus : deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.
progener : husband of a grand-daughter.
progenero : to produce, engender.
progenies : descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.
progenitor : founder of a family, ancestor.
progigno progenui progenitum : to engender, bring forth.
prognatus : born, sprung from / son.
progredior : to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.
progressio : advance, progress, increase.
progressus : advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.
prohibeo : to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.
prohibitio : prohibition, restrain, forbidding.
proicio : to throw forth, fling, abandon.
proinde ut: proinde quam: just as.
proinde quasi proinde ac si : just as if.
proinde : consequently, therefore, as a result.
prolabor : to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.
prolapsio : a slipping or sliding.
prolatio : a bringing forward, mentioning / extension / deferring.
prolato : to enlarge, lengthen, extend / put off, defer.
prolecto : to entice, allure.
proles : offspring, descendants, posterity, (plants : fruit).
proletarius : a citizen of the lowest rank.
prolicio prolixi : to lure forth, entice.
prolix : long, stretching.
prolixus : wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.
proloquor : to speak out, declare openly.
proluo prolu prolutum : to wash away, wash clean.
prolusio : preliminary exercise, prelude.
proluvier : inundation / scouring / discharge.
promereo promereor : to deserve, merit
promeritum : desserts, merit, credit.promissio : a promise.
prominens : jutting out, standing out / a projection.
promineo : to stand out, jut, extend.
promisce promiscue : indiscriminately.
promiscus promiscuus : mixed, indiscriminate / commonplace, usual.
promissio : a promise
promissor : a promiser, suretor, guarantor.
promitto : to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.
promitto : to let go forward, send forth, promise, undertake.
promo prompsi promptum : to produce, disclose, bring forth.
promontorium : peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.
promoveo promovi promotum : push forward, move ahead, advance.
prompte : promptly, resolutely, readily.
promptu : in promptu habere : to have read, display, have on show.
promptu : in promptu ponere : to make clear, reveal, disclose.
promptu : in promptu esse : to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.
promptus : (persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.
promptus : ready at hand, visible, apparent.
promulgatio : publication, promulgation (of a law).
promus : steward, butler.
promutuus : (cash) advanced, prepaid, arraigned beforehand.
pronepos proneptos : great-grandson
pronuntio : to proclaim, announce, declaim.
prope : near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.
prope : near, near to, not far, not long from now.
propello : to drive before one, drive away.
propero : to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.
propero : to hasten / accelerate, speed up.
propinquo : (intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.
propinquus : near, close, similar, nearly related.
propono : display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.
propositum : a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.
proprie : exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.
proprius : one's own, special, characteristic, particular.
proprius : one's own, permanent, special, peculiar.
propter : (+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.
propugnaculum : fortification, rampart, defense.
prorsus : forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.
prosequor (prosecutus) : to attack, go with, pursue, attend.
prosper : favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.
prosperitas : prosperity, good fortune.
prosum (profuturus) : to be useful, of benefit, do good.
prosum : to be useful, do good, benefit (+ dative).
prosum : (with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.
protestor, protesto : to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.
protinus : forward, further on, continuously, immediately.
protraho (protractus): to draw out, protract, defer, make known.
prout : just as, according to.
provectus : advanced, advanced in age.
proveho : to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,
proventus : a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.
provideo : to foresee, provide, make provision for.
provisor : one who provides for, or against.
provolvere se : to throw oneself down, abase oneself.
proximus : nearest, closest, next.
prudens : prudent, wise.
prudenter : wisely, discreetly.
prudentia : foresight, wisdom, discretion.
Pruma : Prums.
publicus : of the people, public, open to all.
puchre : beautifully, finely, handsomely.
pudendus : shameful, disgraceful.
pudeo : to be ashamed,
pudicus : modest. chaste.
pudor : modesty, bashfulness.
puella : girl.
puer : boy.
puerilis : childish, boyish, foolish.
pueriliter : boyishly, childishly, foolishly.
puga pyga : buttocks.
pugna : fight, battle, conflict, set-to.
pugnacitas : the desire to fight, pugnacity.
pugnaculum : fortress.
pugnax : fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contentious.
pugno : to fight.
pugnus : the fist.
pulchellus : pretty.
pulcher pulchra pulchrum : beautiful, handsome, fine.
pulchritudo pulchritudinis : beauty, fineness.
pulex : the flea.
pullulo : shoot up, sprout, burgeon.
pullus : dark-colored, blackish / sad, gloomy / a dark garment.
pullus : young animal / chicken, chick.
pulmentum : anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.
pulmo : the lung.
pulpa : flesh.
pulpitum : platform, stage.
pulso : to strike (the hours)
pulsus : beating, blow, push, influence.
pulsus : beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.
pulvis : dust, powder / arena, scene of action.
pumilius pumilio : a dwarf.
punctum : a prick, little hole, puncture / a point, spot, place.
pungo pupugi punctum : to penetrate / sting, annoy, harass.
pungo pupugi punctum : to prick, puncture, stab / touch, move.
puniceus : purple, red.
punio : to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.
punitor : punisher, avenger.
pupa : doll / little girl.
pupillus pupilla : orphan, ward.
puppis : stern of a ship, the poop.
pupula : pupil of the eye.
purgamentum : rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.
purgatio: cleaning out, cleansing / excsuing, justification.
purgo : to clean, cleanse, purify / clear away, wash off / justify.
purpura : purple dye, purple cloth / high rank, emperorship.
purus : pure, free from.
pusillus : tiny, puny / petty, mean.
putator : pruner.
puteo : to stink, be redolent, smell bad.
puter : rotten, decayed, putrid / loose, crumbling / flabby.
putesco : to putrefy, day, rot.
puteus : well, pit.
puto : to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.
putus : pure, unmixed, unadulterated.
pyropus : bronze.
pyus pyxidis : a little box, casket.


qua : (adv.) by which route, where.
qua : (fem. sing. abl.) (the abbess) BY WHOM she was advised.
quadraginta : forty (indecl.)
quadratus : square, a square.
quadrigae : four-horse team.
quadrivium : second stage of the medieval curriculum
quadrivium : crossroads, place where four roads meet.
quadrum : a square
quadruplator : an exaggerator, informer
quadruplor : to be an informant.
quae : (neut. pl. nom.) WHAT cannot be avoided must be endured.
quae que : (fem. sing. nom.) (the milkmaid), WHO loved a prince.
quae : (neut. pl. acc.) those things WHICH we must have
quae : (fem. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (women) WHO have ears to hear ..
quaero quero : to seek, search for / ask, enquire, search for
quaero quero : to miss, want / seek to know / obtain, get.
quaesitio quesitio : investigation, interrogation.
quaeso queso : to seek for, ask for.
quaestio questio : seeking, searching / inquiry, investigation.
quaestuosus questuosus : profitable, fond of gain, rich.
quaestus questus : profit, a source of profit, gaining, getting.
qualis : of what kind? of the kind that.
qualiscumque : of any kind whatever, any whatever.
qualislibet : of what sort you will.
qualitas : quality, property.
qualiter : as, just as.
quam plures : as many as possible.
quam : (adv. and conj.) how, than, as ... as possible.
quam : (fem. sing. acc.) (the church), WHICH the Lord loved.
quamdiu : such a long time.
quamobrem, quam ob rem : wherefore? why? for which reason.
quamquam : nevertheless, and yet (beginning a sentence) / though.
quamtotius : ? completely.
quamvis : (conj) however much, although / as much as you like.
quando : (interr.) when si quando : if ever.
quandoquidem : since, because.
quanti : for how much, at what price.
quanto : by how much (+ comp. adj. or adv.)
quantocius quantotius : the soon the better.
quantocius quantotius : as quickly as possible.
quantum in me est : as much as in me lies.
quantum : (+ gen.) as much of ... as.
quantum : how much?, how much!, as much as.
quantus ... quantus : as great as, as much as.
quantus : how great?, how great!, how much, as great as.
quantuscumque quantacumque quantumcumque : however great
quantuslibet : as much as you will, as great as you will.
quantuvis : as great as you please, however great.
quapropter : wherefore.
quare : wherefore, why, because of which thing.
quartus : fourth.
quarum : (fem. pl. gen.) their envy and jealousy, OF WHICH we know.
quas : (fem. pl. acc.) the fates, against whom he struggled
quasi : as if, just as, just as if, as it were / a sort of
quassatio : a shaking.
quasso : to shake violently, shake to pieces, break, shatter..
quatenus / quatinus : since, as, in order that, that.
quatenus / quatinus : how far, to what extent, where, seeing that.
quater : four times / again and again.
quattuor : four (indecl.)
quem : (masc. sing. acc.) (the man), WHOM the king struck.
quemadmodum : how, in what manner.
queo : to be able.
quercetum : an oak grove, and oak forest.
quercus : oak tree.
quereia querella : complaint, complaining.
queribundus : complaining, plaintive, whining.
querimonia : complaint, a charge in court.
queritor : to complain excessively, whine, gripe.
quernus : oaken.
queror : to complain, lament, bewail (dogs) whine, whimper.
querulus : complaining, whining, lamenting.
qui quae que quod : which, what, that.
qui : (masc. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (men) WHO have eyes to see ...
qui : (masc. neut. nom.) (the prince) WHO loved a milkmaid
quia : because.
quibus : (neut. pl. abl.) the arms WITH WHICH he won Rome.
quibus : (fem. pl. dat.) the good fortune, TO WHICH he owed his crown.
quibus : (neut. pl. dat.) the crimes FOR WHICH he was executed.
quibus : (masc. pl. dat.) the monastery IN WHICH he was interred.
quibus : (masc. pl. abl.) his sons, BY WHOM he was attacked when old
quibus : (fem. pl. abl.) the beards, BY WHICH the pirates were known.
quicquid : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.
quid : (neut. of quis ) : what
quidam quaedam quedam quidam : a certain person or thing, / kind of.
quidem : indeed, certainly, at least / ne ... quidem : not ... even.
quies quietis : quiet, rest, peace.
quilibet : anyone, anything.
quin etiam : why even, in fact, moreover.
quin : but come now, rather, indeed,
quinam quaenam quenam quodnam : which? what?
quingenti : five hundred.
quinquennis : five years old.
quippe : certainly, to be sure, indeed, of course.
quisnam, quidnam : who, what.
quisquam : anyone, anything.
quisque : each one, each person.
quisquis : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.
quo : to which place, to what place, whither, where.
quo : (masc. sing. abl.) (the money) BY means of WHICH he lived.
quo : (neut. sing. abl.) (the eagerness) THROUGH WHICH he died.
quod : because, whereas, the point that, the fact that.
quod : (with time) since, as far as, to the extent that.
quod : (beginning sentence) and, but, now.
quod : (neut. sing. acc.) (the sea), WHICH you cannot drink dry.
quod : (neut. sing. nom.) (the war), WHICH killed so many.
quodammodo : in a certain way, in a certain measure.
quomodo : in what manner, how / in whatever way, somehow.
quondam : formerly, once, at one time, erstwhile.
quoniam : since, whereas, because.
quoque : also, too.
quorum : (neut. pl. gen.) dangers, OF WHICH there were not a few.
quorum : (masc. pl. gen.) the army, half OF WHICH was ill.
quos : (masc. pl. acc.) those WHOM he accused of treachery.
quot : how many, as many (indecl.).
quotiens : often.
quotienscumque : however often.
quovis : to whatever place you will.


radicitus : by the roots, utterly.
rapio rapui ratum : to seize, snatch, carry away.
rarus : rare, uncommon.
ratio : system, manner, method, procedure, manner.
ratio : reckoning, account / reason, judgment, consideration.
re vera : in truth.
recedo : to go back, retreat, retire, disappear.
recipio recepi receptum : to go back, retire, recede, retreat.
recito : to read aloud, recite.
recognosco : to recognize, recollect, recall.
recolo : to recall, reflect upon, rework, resume, rehabilitate.
recolo : to cultivate, work again, resume, rehabilitate
recolo : reflect upon, consider, recall.
reconcilio : to restore, repair / (of persons) unite, reconcile.
recondo : lay up, store, hoard.
recordatio : recollection, memory, recall.
recordor : to remember, think of, recollect, ponder over.
recro : to recreate, restore, revive.
rectum : virtue, right
rectus : right, correct, proper, upright, natural, plain.
recuperatio : recovery, recuperation.
recupero : to regain, recoup, recover.
recuso : to refuse.
redarguo : refute, disprove, contradict.
redarguo : disprove, refute. With gen. prove guilty, convict.
reddo : to repeat, recite, represent, imitate, pay up, deliver.
reddo : to give back, restore, return, answer, translate, render.
redemptio : ransoming, redemption, buying back, farming taxes.
redemptor : redeemer (Christ).
redeo : to go back, come back, return / (revenue) to come in.
redeo : to fall back upon, be reduced to, be brought to.
redigo (redactum) : to bring or reduce to a condition, lessen.
redono : to give back, give up.
reduco : to lead back, bring back, return.
redundantia : overflowing, redundancy.
redundo : to overflow, stream over, overflow, excess, flood.
refectorium : refectory, monastic mess hall.
refero : to bring back a message, refer.
reformo : to form again, mould anew.
regina : queen.
regius : royal, regal.
regnum : rule, authority, kingdom, realm.
rego rexi rectum : to guide, direct, to rule.
regula : rule / monastic rule.
relaxo : to loosen, enlarge, relax, ease, lighten.
relego relegi relectum : to read again, re-read.
relevo : to lift again, lighten, alleviate, relieve.
relictus : (fr. relinquo) having inherited, been bequeathed.
relinquo : to leave behind, bequeath / abandon, forsake.
reliquum : remainder, what is left, leavings.
relucesco : to become bright again.
reluctor : to struggle against, resist.
remando : to send back word.
remaneo : to stay behind, remain, continue.
remaneo : to remain behind, stay, continue.
rememdium : cure, remedy, nostrum, medicine.
removeo : to draw back, set aside, take away.
remuneror : to repay, reward.
renuntio : to declare, announce, report, give notice.
renuo : to deny, refuse, reject.
rependo : to ransom, pay back, requite.
repens : sudden, unexpected, fresh, recent.
repente : suddenly, unexpectedly.
repere : to crawl.
reperio : to get again, find, ascertain, discover, invent.
repetitio : repetition.
repeto : to seek again, ask back.
repeto : to return to, begin again, deduce, recall, recollect.
repleo : to replenish, fill up, fill up again, fill, satisfy.
repletus : filled, full.
repo repsi reptum : to creep, crawl.
repono : to deposit, lay up, store / requite.
reprehendo : to blame, reprove, refute, hold back, check, catch.
repugno : to fight against, oppose, resist / be incompatible with.
requiesco requievi requietum : to rest.
requiro : to ask for, look for, demand, desire, miss.
res rei : thing, matter, business, affair.
res publica : commonwealth, state, republic, public business.
resisto : to resist, make a stand, oppose.
respicio : to look back, provide for, respect, have regard for.
respondeo respondi responsum : to answer, reply, respond.
restituo : restore, put back, replace, reinstate, repair.
resumo (resumpsi, resumptum) : to renew, repeat, resume.
retineo : to hold back, restrain, detain, keep, maintain.
retraho retraxi retractum : to draw back, pull back.
retribuo : to give again, give as due.
reus : defendant, accused, answerable, bound.
revenio : to come back, return.
reverto : to go back, return, revert.
revertor reverti reversus : to return, come back.
revoco : to call back, recover, refer, revoke.
revolvo : to unroll a book, go over again, repeat.
rex rgis : king.
rhetor : rhetorician, teacher of rhetoric.
rhetoricus : rhetorical.
rideo risi risum : to laugh at, laugh.
rigor : stiffness, hardness, sternness.
ritus : usage, ceremony, rite.
rogo eum ut +subjunctive : to ask someone to do something.
rogo : to ask, ask for.
rostrum : bill of a bird, beak.
rota : wheel.
Rotomagense : Rouen.
rotundus : wheel-shaped, round.
rubor : redness, blush, modesty, shame, disgrace.
rudimentum : trial, attempt, essay.
rumor : rumor, gossip.
ruo rui rutum : to rush, fall, be ruined.
rursus : on the other hand, in return, back, again.
rus ruris : the country, countryside, rural area.
rusticus : rustic, rural / peasant.


sabbatum : sabbath.
sacculus : purse, little bag, little sack.
sacrificum : sacrifice.
sacrilegus : sacrilegious, impious.
saepe sepe : hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.
saepe sepe : often, frequently, repeatedly.
saepenumero : repeated, again and again.
saepius sepius : often, frequently, repeatedly.
saeta : hair.
saeta equina : horse-hair.
saevio : to rage, be furious, take violent action.
sal salis : salt, wit.
salsus : salty, witty.
saltem : at least, at all events.
salus : health, safety, well-being, salvation / salutation.
saluto : to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.
salutor : visitor, caller.
salveo : to be well, be in good health.
salvus : safe, sound.
sanctifico : to sanctify, make holy.
sanctimonia : purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.
sanctimonialis : nun.
Sanctus Eleutherius : St. Eligius.
Sanctus Egidius : St. Gilles.
sanctus : holy, sacred, / saint.
Sanctus Rodoenus : St. Ouen.
sane : rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.
sanitas : health, soundness of mend, sanity.
sano : to heal.
Santiago : St. James.
sanus : sound, healthy, sane.
sapiens : (subs.) a wise man, philosopher.
sapiens : wise, judicious.
sapienter : wisely, judiciously.
sapientia : wisdom.
sarcina : bundle, pack, burden, load.
satago : to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.
satago : have one's hands full, have enough to do.
satio : to satisfy, sate.
satis : enough, sufficient / sufficiently.
sato : to sow, plant.
satura : satire.
saturo : to fill, satisfy.
scaber : scabby, rough.
scabies : the itch, mange, a rash.
Scaldus : Scheldt.
scamnum : bench, stool.
scaphium (sciphus : Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vessel
sceleratus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.
scelero : to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.
scelestus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.
scelus sceleris : crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.
schola : school / elite troop of soldiers.
scientia : knowledge, science, skill.
scilicet : evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.
scindo : to cut, rend, split, divide, separate.
scio scivi scitum : to know.
scio : to know, understand.
scio : to know, understand.
scisco : investigate, ask, inquire / vote, ordain, resolve.
scribo, scripsi scriptum : to write, compose.
scrinium : bookcase, case for papers.
scriptor : writer, author, scribe.
se habere : to keep oneself.
se gero : to conduct oneself, conduct, carry on.
se astringo : to commit oneself to.
secedo : to go apart, withdraw.
secerno secrevi secretum : to separate.
secundum : (adv.) after, behind.
secundum : (+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.
secundus : second.
securus : safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.
secus : non secus, haud secus: just so.
secus : otherwise, not so.
secus + atque or quam : differently from, otherwise than.
secus : wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.
secuutus : follower, pursuer.
sed : but / and indeed, what is more.
sedeo sedi sessum : to sit.
seditio : dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.
sedo : to settle, smooth, calm, allay.
seductor : seducer.
semel : a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.
semper : always, ever.
senectus : old age, dotage.
senex senis : old, aged, old man.
sensus : feeling, sense.
sententia : opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.
sentio : to judge, suppose, vote.
sentio : feel, perceive, experience, hold an opinion,
seorsum : apart, separately.
sepelio : to ruin, destroy, bury.
septem : seven.
sepulchrum : grave, tomb, sepulcher.
seputus : buried, sunk, immersed.
sequax : following, attending, pursuing.
sequor sequi secutus : to follow, trail.
serio : seriously.
serius : serious, grave, solemn.
sermo : talk, common talk, rumor, report, discussion.
sermo : discussion, talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.
sero : to sow, plant. also, late, at a late hour.
servio : (+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.
servitus : servitude, slavery.
servo : to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.
servus : slave, serf.
sese : =se : himself, herself, itself.
severitas : severity, rigor, sternness, strictness.
si : if.
sibimet : to them themselves.
sic : so, thus / yes, that is so, that is right.
siccus : dry, thirsty / sober, temperate.
Siclinium : Seclin.
Siclinium : Seclin in Melanchois.
sicut : as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.
sidus : constellation, star.
signum : sign, seal, indication, sign.
silens : silent, still
silenti etc : the dead.
silentium : silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.
silentium : (religion) faultlessness, perfection.
sileo : to be still, silent / (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.
siligo -inis : wheat, wheat flour.
silva : woods, forest.
similis : similar, like, resembling.
similitudo : likeness, resemblance / uniformity.
simplex : simple, unaffected.
simul atque : as soon as.
simul : at once, at the same time, together.
simulatio : pretense,
sine : (+ abl.) without.
singularis : alone, unique, extraordinary, individual, singular.
singuli : one each, one apiece, single, separate.
singultim : stammeringly.
singultus : sobbing, gasping.
singultus : sobbing, death rattle.
singulus : single, separate, one at a time, one each.
sino : allow, suffer, permit, let.
siquidem : since, indeed
sitio : to be thirsty.
sitis : thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.
sive seu : or if.
socer : father in law.
socius : sharing, associated, allied.
socius : partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.
sodalitas : fellowship, companionship, secret society.
sol solis : sun.
soleo : to be accustomed, be used to.
solio : ? Herimann, cap. 28.
solitudo solitudinis : loneliness, solitude.
solium : chair of state, throne / bath-tub.
sollers : clever, skillful.
sollicito : to stir up, incite, arouse.
sollicitudo : uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.
sollicitudo : concern, anxiety, solicitude, worry.
sollicitus : uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.
sollicitus : troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.
solum : land, country, soil, ground / bottom, floor, foundation.
solum : non solum ... sed etiam : not only ... but also.
solum : (adv) alone, only.
solus : alone, only, the only.
solutio : loosening / payment / solution / explanation.
solvo : to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.
somniculosus : sleepy, drowsy
somniculouse : sleepily, drowsily.
somnio : to dream / (+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.
somnium : dream, fancy, day-dream / foolishness, nonsense.
somnus : sleep.
sonitus : noise, sound.
sono : to make a noise / sing / celebrate / (of words) to mean.
sophismata : false conclusions, logical fallacies.
sopor : deep sleep.
sordeo : to be dirty, appear vile.
sordes : filth, meanness, stinginess.
sordesco : to become dirty.
sortitus : casting lots, deciding by lot.
spargo sparsi sparsum : scatter, strew, spread.
speciosus : beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.
spectaculum : spectacle, show.
specto : to look at, watch, see.
speculum : mirror.
specus : cave, cavern, grotto, den.
sperno sprevi spretum : to scorn, despise, spurn.
spero : to hope for, hope.
spes : hope.
spiculum : sharp point, sting, spear, dart.
spiritus : breath, breathing / life / spirit.
spoliatio : plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.
spolio : to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, loot
spolium : spoils, plunder, booty.
sponte : willingly, of one's own accord, unaided.
St. Richarius : St. Riquier.
stabilis : firm, stable, steadfast.
stabilitas : firmness, stability, durability.
Stabulaus : Stavelot.
statim : firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once, immediately.
statua : statue.
statuo : to give a ruling, make an arrangement, decide.
statuo : to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.
stella : star.
stillicidium : dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.
stipes, itis : log, tree-trunk, branch, post, club, blockhead.
stipes : log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.
stips, stipis : small coin, gift.
sto, steti, statum : to stand, stand still, stand firm.
strenuus : brisk, active, vigorous / turbulent, restive.
strues : piles, heaps, masses.
studio : (+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.
studiose : eagerly.
studium : eagerness, zeal.
stultus : foolish / a fool.
suadeo : to recommend, advise (a person)
suasoria : persuasive discourse.
sub : (+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.
subito : adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.
subitus : sudden, unexpected.
subiungo : to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.
sublime : on high, aloft.
subnecto : to bind on beneath, to tie.
subseco : to cut away, pare
subsequor : to follow after
substantia : substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.
subvenio : to come up to aid, relieve.
subvenio : to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.
succedo : to approach, submit, etc. etc.
succendo : to kindle, set afire from below.
successio : succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.
succurro : to run up under / aid, assist, help.
sufficio : to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.
suffoco : to strangle, choke, suffocate.
suffragium : vote, franchise / approval support, aid, assistance.
suggero : to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.
sui : himself, herself, itself.
sulum : each, every.
sum fui futurus : to be, exist.
summa : the highest part / whole, sum.
summisse : humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.
summissus (from summitto) : let down, lowered, gentle, mild.
summopere : very much, exceedingly.
sumo : to take, choose, obtain, buy. / take for granted, assume.
sumptus : expense, cost.
supellex supellectilis : furniture, apparatus, gear.
super : (prep.) (+ abl.) over, above / concerning, about, besides.
super : (adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.
superbia : pride, arrogance.
superbus : overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.
superficies : surface, top.
superfluo : flow over, overflow, be superfluous.
superna : northeast by north wind.
superne : from above, above.
supernus : above, superior.
supero : to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.
supersum : to be superfluous, to remain.
superus superior supremus or summus : above, upper, high.
supervacuus : superfluous, unnecessary, extra : supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.
suppellex suppellectilus : ornaments.
suppellex suppellectilus : household articles, furniture, goods.
supplanto : to trip up.
supplex : kneeling, entreating, suppliant.
supplicium : punishment.
suppono subpono : to put under, subject / put next to, add.
suppono subpono : to put in place of, substitute, forge.
supra : (+ acc.) above.
surculus : shoot, sprout.
surgo surrexi surrectum : to get up arise.
sursum : upwards, sursum deorsum : up and down.
suscipio : to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.
suscito : to stir up, arouse, excite.
suspendo suspendi suspensum : to suspend, hang.
sustineo : to hold up, sustain, endure.
suus sua suum : (refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.
synagoga : synagogue.


tabella : writing tablet.
tabellae : letter, document.
tabernus : booth, hut, cottage, hove, small shop, inn, tavern.
tabesco : to melt, waste away, pine, be spoiled.
tabgo tetigi tactum : to touch.
tabula : board, plank, gaming board, painted panel.
taceo tacuitacitum : to be silent, leave unmentioned.
tactus : sense of feeling, touch.
taedium, tedium : disgust, weariness, boredom.
talio, -onis : retribution.
talis : of such a kind, such.
talus : the ankle, ankle bone,.
tam ... quam : as ... as possible.
tam : to such a degree, so, so far.
tamdiu : for such a long time.
tamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless, yet, still, for all that.
tametsi : even if, although.
tamisium : sieve, sifter (Herimann, p. 308).
tamquam tanquam : as, just as, like as, just as if.
tandem : adv. at last, finally.
tantillus : so little, so small.
tantum : only.
tantummodo : only just, just so long as.
tantus : so large, so great, of such a size.
tardus : slow, late, tardy.
Taruennam : The Rouanne.
te : (abl.) you / no one's sweeter than YOU.
te : (acc.) you / I got YOU, babe.
tego texi tectum : to cover, bury, conceal, hide, protect, shield.
temeritas : rashness, temerity.
temperantia : moderation, self-control, temperance.
tempero : to mix properly, temper, regulate, mitigate.
tempero : be moderate, control oneself.
tempero : (+abl. or with ab) to keep from, refrain from.
tempero : (+ dat.) to control, use with moderation, spare,
tempestas : storm, weather.
Templovium : Templeuve, villa near Cisoing.
templum : sacred precinct, temple, sometimes church.
temptatio : trial, temptation.
tempus temporis : time.
tenax : grasping, stingy, clinging, frugal, obstinate.
tendo : to direct, try, attempt, stretch, extend, present, give.
tendo : to direct one's course, tend, make or head for.
teneo : to keep on, persist, persevere, endure.
teneo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain.
teneo : to grasp, know, understand.
tener tenera tenerum : tender, delicate, soft, young.
tenuis : thin, slight, feeble, slim, slender.
tenus : prep. With abl. as far as, up to, to, down to.
tenus : (after a name in abl. or gen.) up to, down to as far as.
tepesco : to cool, grow lukewarm, decrease.
tepidus : warm, luke-warm, tepid
ter : three times, thrice.
terebro : to bore through, perforate.
teres : rounded, polished, smooth, fine, elegant.
terga dare : to flee, retreat, run away.
tergeo tergo tersi tersum : to wipe, scour, clean
tergiversatio : backwardness, reluctance, evasion.
tergo (a tergo ) : in the rear, from behind
tergum : skin, hide
tergum : back, rear.
tergus : the back / skin, hide, leather.
termes : a tree branch (especially olive).
terminatio : termination, determination, setting of boundaries.
termino : restrict, define, close, set a limit to.
terminus : a boundary mark, limit, end, border.
tero trivi tritum : to rub, wear out.
terra : earth, ground, land, country, soil.
terreo : to frighten, terrify, scare away, deter.
territo : to scare, frighten, intimidate.
terror : fright, fear, terror.
tersus : clean, neat, correct.
tertius : third.
testimonium : proof, evidence, witness, indication.
testis : one who gives evidence, witness, spectator / testicle.
texo : to weave, twine together, plait, construct, build.
texo : the main verb for weaving of cloth.
textilis : woven fabric, piece of cloth.
textor textrix : weaver.
textus : woven cloth, web.
thalassinus : sea-green.
theatrum : theater.
theca : case, envelope, covering.
thema thematis : theme.
thema : subject, topic, theme.
theologus : theologian.
thermae : warm springs, warm baths.
thesaurus : treasure, horde / store-room, treasury.
thesis : proposition, thesis.
thorax : breastplate
thymbra : the herb savory.
thymum : the herb thyme.
tibi: (dat.) you / I can't give YOU anything but love, baby.
timeo : to fear, be afraid, dread.
timidus : fearful, timid.
timor : fear, dread, object causing fear.
titulus : label, title, placard.
tolero : to tolerate, bear, endure, sustain.
tollo sustuli sublatum : to lift up, raise, elevate, carry away.
tondeo totondi tonsum : shave, shear, clip, mow, reap, browse.
tonsor : barbar.
Tornacense : Tournai.
torqueo : to twist, curl, rack, torture, torment, distort, test.
torrens : rushing, seething, burning, parched / a torrent.
tot : (indecl.) so many.
totidem : just as many.
toties, toties : so often, so many times.
toties, totiens : so many times, so often.
toties : often, so many times.
totus : whole, entire, complete, all.
tracto : to drag, handle / treat, discuss, deal with.
trado tradidi traditum : surrender / hand over / transmit, teach.
traho traxi tractum : to drag, pull / derive, get.
Traiectensium : Utrecht.
Traiectum : Maastricht.
trans : (+ acc.) across.
transeo : to go over, pass over, cross over, go past.
transfero transtuli translatum : carry across, transfer, convey.
transmitto : to send, carry, or convey across.
tredecim : (indecl.) thirteen
Trellum : Tre Blon, castle in Hannonia.
tremo : to tremble, shake, shudder.
trepide : with trepidation, in confusion,
tres tria : three.
Treverim : Triers.
tribuo : to give out, divide, allot, assign, grant, give, allow.
tricesimus : thirtieth.
triduana : lasting three days.
triduanus : three days' duration, lasting three days.
triduum : a period of three days.
triginta : (inedl.) thirty.
tripudio : to leap, jump, dance (as in a religious procession).
tristis : sad, gloomy, downcast.
Trium Fontium : Trois-Fontaines, Marne, Vitry-le-Francais.
triumphus : triumphal procession, triumph.
trucido : to kill cruelly, slay, butcher, massacre, slaughter.
truculenter : (adv.) wildly, savagely, fiercely, cruelly, roughly
tu : you / Old Heidelberg, you are the finest.
tubineus : cone shaped
tui : your yours / I read YOUR letter that said, dear John.
tum : at that time, then / thereupon, in the next place.
tumultus : uprising, disturbance, riot, tumult.
tumulus : mound, grave, heap of earth.
tunc : then, at that time.
Tungris : Tongres.
turba : uproar, disturbance / mob, crowd, multitude.
turbatio : disturbance, confusion.
turbatus : angered, exasperated / disturbed, restless, troubled.
turbo, onis : hurricane. tornado, that which spins
turbo : to disturb, upset, throw into disorder, confuse, unsettle.
turpe : a disgrace.
turpis : foul, ugly, disgraceful, morally corrupt.
tutamen tutaminis : defense, protection
tutis : protected, safe, secure.
tyrannus : tyrant, absolute ruler.


uberrime : most luxuriantly, most abundantly, most fruitfully.
ubi : when, as soon as / wherein, whereby, whereas.
ulciscor : to take vengeance for, avenge / take vengeance on.
ullus : any.
ulterius : farther, more advanced, more remote.
ultio ultionis : avenging, punishment, revenge.
ultra : (+ acc.) : farther (than), more (than).
ultra : (+ acc.) beyond, on the far side of.
umbra : shade, shadow.
umerus humerus : shoulder, upper arm.
umquam : ever, at any time.
una : (adv.) in one, together.
unde : whence, from where / how, from whom.
undique : from all sides, everywhere, on all sides, altogether.
universe : generally, in general.
universi : all together.
universitas : the whole, total, universe, world / university.
universum : universe, the world.
universus : combined in one, whole, entire.
unus : one, only one, at the same time / single, alone.
urbanus : urban, urbane, pertaining to the city.
urbs urbis : city.
uredo : a plant blight.
us : foreign, acquired.
usitas : customary, usual.
usque : all the way, up (to), even (to).
ustilo : to burn (Herimannn, p. 308).
ustulo : to burn, scorch, singe.
usus : use, experience, skill, advantage.
ut : (+ subj.) (result) so that, that.
ut : (+ subj.) (purpose) in order that, to, that.
ut : (+ indic.) when, as.
ut : (+ subj.) (command) to, that.
uter utrius : either of the two
uterque : (gen. utriusque) both, each side, each party.
Uticensium : Evroul.
utilis : useful, advantageous, helpful.
utilitas : utility, usefulness.
utique : at any rate, certainly, at least.
utor uti usus : to use, employ, possess, enjoy / associate with, find.
utpote : seeing that, inasmuch as.
utpote : adv. namely, seeing that, inasmuch as, since.
utrimque : from both sides, on both sides.
utroque : to both sides, in both directions / at each point.
utrum : whether.
utrum ... an : whether ... or.
uxor : wife, spouse.


vaco : to be free from work, of a master, of property.
vacuus : empty, devoid of, free from.
vado : go, hasten, rush.
vae : (interj.), woe, alas, woe to.
valde : intensely, very much, extremely, greatly
valens : strong, powerful, healthy / able, worthwhile.
valeo valui valiturus : to be strong, have power, be well.
valetudo : health. good health, bad health.
validus : strong, mighty, powerful, exceeding.
vallum : palisade, earthen wall, entrenchment, rampart.
vapulus : flogged, beaten, knocked about.
varietas : variety, differences, diversity.
varius : various, varied.
vehemens : violent, furious, impetuous.
vehementer : violently, forcefully, strongly, exceedingly.
vel : or, (adv.) even, actually, for example.
velociter: quickly, rapidly, swiftly.
velox : quick, rapid, swift, fast.
velum : sail, covering, awning, curtain.
velut : adv. just as, like, even as.
Vendolius : Vendeuil.
venia : grace, indulgence, favor, pardon, forgiveness.
venio veni ventum : to come.
ventito : to come often, to visit frequently.
ventosus : full of wind, windy, breezy.
ventus : wind, rumor, favor.
ventus : wind.
venustas : loveliness, charm, attractiveness, beauty.
ver, veris : spring, the production of spring.
verbera : (in pl.) blows, a beating, thrashing.
verbum : word.
vere : truly, really, actually, rightly.
verecundia : feeling of shame, shame, bashfulness.
vereor : to respect, fear, be in dread of, to be afraid.
vergo : to bend, incline, verge, to draw to an end.
veritas : truth.
Vernandense : Vermandois.
vero : in truth, indeed, to be sure / however.
versus : line, verse.
verto : to turn, turn around, turn up / to put to flight, rout.
verto : to flee / interpret, understand / upset, overthrow.
verumtamen verumptamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless.
verus : true, real, proper, right.
vesco, vescor : to feed, to eat.
vesica : bladder, bladder-like tumor.
vesper : evening star, evening.
vespera : evening prayer, vespers.
vespillo : undertaker.
vester vestra vestrum : (pl.) your, yours.
vestigium : footstep, trace, mark.
vestio vestivi vestitum : to clothe.
vestis : clothing, garment, covering, blanket, carpet, tapestry.
vestrum vestri : your yours / you make sing about YOUR pretty gals.
vetus : old.
via : road, way, street.
vicinus : neighbor / (med.) resident.
vicissitudo: change, alteration.
victor : victor, winner.
victoria : victory.
victus : living, manner of life / nourishment, food.
videlicet : it is clear / (adv.) clearly, plainly, namely.
videlicet : (adv.) (ironically) of course, to be sure.
video vidi visum : to see, observe, understand, comprehend.
videor : to be seen, seem, appear.
viduata : deprived, widowed, bereft.
viduo : to deprive
vigilo : to be awake, watch, be vigilant / to keep vigil.
vigor : vigor, liveliness.
vilicus, villicus : pertaining to an estate, overseer, steward.
vilis : cheap, worth little.
vilitas : cheapness, low-price, worthlessness.
villa : country house, country estate / (med.) manor, village.
vinco vici victum : conquer, overcome, master, win, surpass, excel.
vinculum : bond, fetter, tie.
vindico (vindicatum) : claim, arrogate, assume, appropriate.
vindico : to liberate, deliver / punish, avenge / claim, assume.
vindico : to avenge, punish, liberate, deliver, protect.
vinitor : vine-dresser (a man who prunes grape vines).
vinum : wine.
vir : man, hero, man of courage.
virga : a green twig, rod, stick, wand, broom, streak, stripe.
virgo : maiden, virgin, young girl.
viridis : green.
viriliter : manfully.
virtus : manliness, excellence, character, worth, courage.
vis : (sing.) violence / a large number, quantity, a force / nature
vis vires : (pl.) force, power, strength, might, influence.
viscus : flesh, internal organs, bowels, entrails, heart.
vita : life, way of life.
vitiosus : vicious, full of vice, corrupt.
vitium : fault, vice, crime.
vito : to avoid, shun.
vivo vixi victum : to live, be alive.
vix : scarcely, hardly, with difficulty, barely.
vobis : (abl.) you / who knows more than YOU? I do!
vobis : (dat.) you / I'm talkin' to YOU, yeah, talkin' 'bout Cindy.
vociferor : to cry aloud, shout.
voco in dubium: to call into question.
voco : to call, summon, name invite.
volaticus : winged, flying / inconstant, unreliable / flighty.
volatilis: winged, flying / swift, rapid / fleeting, transitory.
volens : willing, favorable.
volo (sibi velle) : to mean, signify, denote.
volo : to fly, speed, move rapidly.
volo : to wish, want, will, ordain, suppose, maintain that, be willing.
volubilis : (of speech) rapid, fluent, voluble.
volubilis : rolling, revolving, turning around / changeable, inconstant.
volubiliter : fluently.
voluntarius : voluntary.
voluntas : wish, will, inclination / good will.
voluntas : last will, testament / meaning, sense.
volup : agreeably, pleasantly.
voluptarius : pleasant, one devoted to pleasure.
voluptas : pleasure.
voluptuosus : delightful, pleasurable.
volutabrum : pigsty, slough.
volva vulva : womb (particularly that of a sow).
vomer : plowshare.
vomica : ulcer, sore, boil / plague, curse.
vomito : to vomit, vomit forth, throw up.
vorago : chasm, pit, abyss.
vorax : gluttonous, voracious.
voro : to eat greedily, swallow up, consume, gorge oneself.
vos : (acc.) you / I'll fight YOU all, then ... bring me giants!
vos : you (pl) / YOU can't catch me, i'm the gingerbread man.
votum : prayer, wish, desire / promise to God.
voveo vovi votum : to promise to God, vow, pray for.
vox vocis : voice, word / (med.) power, right, authority.
vulariter : in the common way, ordinary manner.
vulgaris : common, ordinary, usual.
vulgivagus : wandering, vagrant, itinerant.
vulgo : to spread, publish, impart, make accessible.
vulgus : the common people, mob, rabble.
vulnero : to wound, injure, hurt, harm.
vulnus : wound.
vulpes volpes : fox.
vulticulus : look, aspect, appearance.
vultuosus : grimacing, affected.
vultur voltur vulturius volturius : vulture.
vultus : the face.
vultus : expression of the face, countenance, look, aspect.


Werumensium : Wittewierum.

xiphias : sword-fish.

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